Binge-Eating-Störung

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Binge-Eating-Störung (BES) hat sich als eigenständiges Störungsbild im Bereich der Fütter- und Essstörungen etabliert. Das Hauptmerkmal der BES sind wiederholte Essanfälle mit Kontrollverlust über die Nahrungsaufnahme ohne gefolgte kompensatorische Maßnahmen. Im folgenden Kapitel wird die Phänomenologie, Epidemiologie und Ätiologie der BES beschrieben und ein störungsspezifisches kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutisches Behandlungskonzept vorgestellt. Ätiologische Modelle der BES beschreiben das unkontrollierte Essen großer Nahrungsmengen u. a. als dysfunktionale Strategie zur Regulation negativer affektiver Zustände. Des Weiteren sind unregelmäßiges und/oder ausgeprägt restriktives Essverhalten außerhalb der Essanfälle sowie Konditionierungsprozesse bedeutsame Faktoren. Komorbid zur BES bestehen oft depressive und Angststörungen sowie Adipositas. Die empirische Überprüfung therapeutischer Interventionen zeigt, dass die störungsspezifische Therapie erfolgversprechend ist. Sowohl die kognitive Verhaltenstherapie (KVT) als auch die interpersonelle Psychotherapie (IPT) verfügen über sehr gute Wirksamkeitsbelege.

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  1. Legenbauer, T. & Vocks, S. (2005). Wer schön sein will, muss leiden? Wege aus dem Schönheitswahn – ein Ratgeber. Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  2. Munsch, S. (2011). Das Leben verschlingen? Hilfe für Betroffene mit Binge-Eating Störung (Essanfällen) und deren Angehörige (2., überarbeitete Auflage). Weinheim, Basel: Beltz.Google Scholar
  3. Munsch, S., Biedert, E. & Schlup, B. (2011). Binge-Eating. Kognitive Verhaltenstherapie bei Essanfällen (2., überarbeitete Auflage). Weinheim, Basel: Beltz.Google Scholar
  4. Munsch, S. & Wyssen, A. (2014). Das Leben verschlingen? Strategien gegen Essanfälle. Audioratgeber mit Übungen. Weinheim, Basel: Beltz.Google Scholar
  5. Vocks, S. & Legenbauer, T. (2010). Körperbildtherapie bei Anorexia und Bulimia Nervosa. Ein kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutisches Behandlungsprogramm (2., aktualisierte Auflage). Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinische Psychologie und PsychotherapieUniversität FribourgFribourgDeutschland

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