A Kernel Ridge Regression Model for Respiratory Motion Estimation in Radiotherapy
This paper discusses a kernel ridge regression (KRR) model for motion estimation in radiotherapy. Using KRR, dense internal motion fields are estimated from high-dimensional surrogates without the need for prior dimensionality reduction. We compare the proposed model to a related approach with dimensionality reduction in the form of principal component analysis and principle component regression. Evaluation was performed in a simulation study based on nine 4D CT patient data sets achieving a mean estimation error of 0.84 ± 0.21mm for our approach.
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