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Classification of Muscle Lesions

  • Nicola MaffulliEmail author
  • Rocco Aicale
  • Domiziano Tarantino
Chapter

Abstract

Muscle injuries are frequent in athletes and their optimal management and rehabilitation strategies are still debated in literature. Most muscle injuries are managed conservatively with good results, while surgery is reserved only for larger tears. The diagnosis is usually clinical and imaging tools are used to identify the extent and site of lesion for relevant prognostic predictive factors. The new classification of muscle injures is proposed based on anatomy, biomechanics, and imaging features. They can be classified as direct (contusion and laceration) and indirect (divided into 4 different types). A early diagnosis associated with an optimal management of the lesions is the best choice to return to the pre-injuries activity level: this is the purpose of the new classification of muscle lesions reported.

Keywords

Soccer Player Muscle Injury Eccentric Contraction Muscle Belly Musculotendinous Junction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Maffulli
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rocco Aicale
    • 1
  • Domiziano Tarantino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Musculoskeletal DisordersSchool of Medicine and Surgery, University of SalernoSalernoItaly
  2. 2.Queen Mary University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Mile End HospitalLondonUK

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