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Mediastinal/Thoracoscopic Parathyroidectomy

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Ectopic parathyroid glands may account for up to 20% of hyperactive glands in primary hyperparathyroidism [1–3]. Ectopic glands most commonly may be found in or near the thymus within the superior mediastinum, but they also may be located within the carotid sheath, posterior to the esophagus, within the thyroid itself, above the hyoid cartilage, or deeper within the mediastinum. Mediastinal glands usually are located in the anterior superior mediastinum, often within the thymus. Almost all of them can be reached through a cervical incision, but about 2% of all mediastinal glands cannot be reached through a cervical approach [3, 4].


  • Ectopic parathyroid adenoma
  • Mediastinal parathyroid adenoma
  • Thoracoscopic parathyroidectomy

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-54067-1_5
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Correspondence to Richard A. Prinz or John A. Howington .

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Prinz, R.A., Howington, J.A., Madorin, C.A. (2017). Mediastinal/Thoracoscopic Parathyroidectomy. In: Howe, J. (eds) Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Surgery. Springer Surgery Atlas Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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