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Ziele

  • V. Brandstätter
  • M. Hennecke
Chapter
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Zusammenfassung

Ziele machen Leute. Wer wir sind, was wir denken, tun und fühlen, hängt eng mit unseren Zielen zusammen. In ihnen manifestiert sich, was uns wichtig ist und was wir uns zutrauen, aber auch welche Kompetenzen wir entwickeln möchten und in welchen Umgebungen wir uns bewegen werden. Im Mittelpunkt der zielpsychologischen Forschung stehen die Analyse der Determinanten und Prozesse der Zielsetzung, Zielverfolgung und Zielablösung sowie die kognitive Repräsentation zielbezogener Konzepte. Bedeutsame Erklärungsansätze sind in diesem Zusammenhang die klassischen motivationspsychologischen Erwartung-Wert-Theorien (Zielsetzung), moderne Theorien der Selbststeuerung (Zielverfolgung und Zielablösung) sowie sozialkognitive Theorien (kognitive Zielrepräsentation). Untersucht werden in quer- und längsschnittlichen Studien Ziele ganz unterschiedlicher Art, die von laborexperimentell gestifteten Aufgabenzielen bis zu persönlichen Alltagszielen reichen können.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität ZürichPsychologisches InstitutZürichSchweiz
  2. 2.Universität ZürichPsychologisches InstitutZürichSchweiz

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