Groin Pain

  • Nuno Loureiro
  • João Pedro Araújo
  • Luís Simões
  • Marco Fonseca


Groin pain is an extremely common presentation in football and in sports requiring twisting, kicking, and rapid change of direction. Given the complexity and the difficulty in establishing a correct diagnosis and treating this condition, the correct therapeutic approach must be accompanied by a multidisciplinary team. Our perspective is that previous history of groin injury, altered biomechanics, playing at a higher level, muscle imbalances (mainly in the ratio hip abductor/adductor, core muscle weakness, as well as delayed onset of transversus abdominis), and errors in planning training are the main causes of groin injury/pain. The selection of most appropriate forms of intervention will depend on the assessment and the primarily involved structures. Also, very importantly, there must be a commitment from the athlete and a careful return to competition involving the medical and coaching staff.


Groin pain Multidisciplinary team Muscle imbalance Twisting movements Conservative treatment 


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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nuno Loureiro
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • João Pedro Araújo
    • 1
    • 5
  • Luís Simões
    • 6
  • Marco Fonseca
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
  1. 1.Clinica do Dragão – Espregueira-Mendes FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence – FC Porto Dragão StadiumPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Paços Ferreira Football ClubPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Medical Unit of Portuguese Cycling FederationLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Medical Olympic Committee of PortugalLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.Al Jazira Football ClubAbu DhabiUAE
  6. 6.Clínica ReequilibraCoimbraPortugal
  7. 7.Federação Portuguesa de FutebolCruz Quebrada- DafundoPortugal
  8. 8.Universidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  9. 9.Fisibarca – Clínica de Medicina Física e Reabilitação de Ponte da BarcaViana do CasteloPortugal

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