Control Mechanisms for CRM Systems and Competition Law

  • Reto M. HiltyEmail author
  • Tao Li
Part of the MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law book series (MSIP, volume 27)


There are basically two different mechanisms to control collective management organizations (CMOs), namely the general competition-law approach and the sector-specific regulation approach. This chapter explains the features of copyright management (CRM) systems in general and discusses up- and downsides of both approaches. In conclusion it suggests a primary focus on sector-specific regulation. This approach not only takes into account the particularities of two-sided markets in which CMOs act as intermediaries, but also allows the balancing of non-economic values and interests which are among the objectives of CMOs. Sector-specific regulation is further capable of addressing governance issues of CMOs; above all, it promotes transparency for both right holders and users by providing ex ante guidance. General competition law, in contrast, applies ex post and is particularly likely to become a last resort to control CMOs.


Collective management organizations (CMOs) Copyright management (CRM) Collecting societies and competition law Sector-specific control mechanisms EU Directive 2014/26 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Innovation and CompetitionMunichGermany

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