Advertisement

Earthquakes and Friction

Chapter

Abstract

Tectonic plate dynamics can also be seen as a part of tribology. The Earth’s crust is composed of tectonic plates which slowly move relative to one another due to convection in the mantel. On a time scale of millions of years, these movements determine the structure of the Earth’s surface. On a small time scale, they are responsible for earthquakes. Frictional models have applications for describing the dynamics of individual faults as well as describing the Earth’s crust as a granular medium. Models for mechanisms of earthquakes are based on the fundamental observation that earthquakes do not arise as a result of a sudden formation and propagation of a new crack in the Earth’s crust, rather they take place as a result of a sudden sliding along an already existing faults.

Keywords

Pore Pressure Versus Versus Versus Seismic Moment Granular Medium Versus Versus Versus Versus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TU Berlin Inst. MechanikBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations