Second-order Møller–Plesset perturbation (MP2) theory at finite temperature: relation with Surján’s density matrix MP2 and its application to linear-scaling divide-and-conquer method
In 2005, Surján showed two explicit formulas for evaluating the second-order Møller–Plesset perturbation (MP2) energy as a functional of the Hartree–Fock density matrix D (Chem Phys Lett 406:318, 2005 ), which are referred to as the Δ E MP2[D] functionals. In this paper, we present the finite-temperature (FT) MP2 energy functionals of the FT Hartree–Fock density matrix. There are also two formulas for the FT-MP2, namely the conventional and renormalized ones; the latter of which has recently been formulated by Hirata and He (J Chem Phys 138:204112, 2013 ). We proved that there exists one-to-one correspondence between the formulas of two FT-MP2 and the Δ E MP2[D] functionals. This fact can explain the different behavior of two Δ E MP2[D] functionals when an approximate Hartree–Fock density matrix is applied, which was previously investigated by Kobayashi and Nakai (Chem Phys Lett 420:250, 2006 ). We also applied the FT-MP2 formalisms to the linear-scaling divide-and-conquer method for improving the accuracy with tiny addition of the computational efforts.
KeywordsFractional occupation number Many-body perturbation theory Laplace-transformed Møller–Plesset perturbation Linear-scaling electronic structure method
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