Advertisement

Groundwater Pollution and Its Risk in Solid Waste Disposal Site

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)

Abstract

Landfill, the eventual way of disposing solid wastes, inevitably comes with a certain degree of pollution to surrounding groundwater due to construction, broken impervious layer, and uneven geological subsidence. The survey and risk assessment of groundwater pollutions are the important technical means for knowing the current status of landfill site pollution, forecasting the pollution trend, and assessing its risk. This chapter elaborates the general procedures for survey of groundwater pollution on various landfill sites, including the collection of basic data, setting out of monitoring points, selection of monitoring items, and data organization method, according to China’s current mode of construction and operation of landfill sites, in combination with the research progress in groundwater survey both domestic and foreign. On this basis, the typical model—3 MRA risk assessment model—is optimized.

Keywords

Household waste landfill site Hazardous waste landfill site Groundwater Pollution survey Risk assessment 

References

  1. Babendreier JE, Castleton KJ. Investigating uncertainty and sensitivity in integrated, multimedia environmental models: tools for FRAMES-3MRA [J]. Environ Model Softw. 2005;20(8):1043–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Khanbilvardi RM, Ahmed S, Gleason PJ. Flow investigation for landfill leachate (FILL) [J]. J Environ Eng. 1995;121:45–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. USEPA. Human exposure module for HWIR99 multimedia, multipathway, and multireceptor risk assessment (3MRA) Model. Washington: Office of Solid Waste; 1999a.Google Scholar
  4. USEPA. Source Modules for tanks and surface impoundments: Background and implementation for the multimedia, multipathway, and multireceptor risk assessment (3MRA) for HWIR99. Washington: Office of Solid Waste; 1999b.Google Scholar
  5. USEPA. Multimedia, multipathway, and multireceptor risk assessment (3MRA) modeling system volume I: Modeling system and science [R]. Athens: GA and Research Triangle Park; 2003. P. 1–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations