China’s New Urbanization and Development Bottlenecks

  • Chuanglin FangEmail author
  • Danlin Yu
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)


This chapter first details the stages of China’s urbanization and proposes to view China’s urbanization from a four-stage instead of a traditional three-stage perspective. We observe that China’s urbanization experiences faster than the world’s average development. The chapter further proceeds to evaluate China’s contemporary urbanization and points out that China’s current urbanization is sub-healthy with numerous “urban diseases.” We contend, however, such sub-healthiness of China’s urbanization is not what some scholars might call “pseudo-urbanization.” The chapter then details the four increasingly severe resource and environment constraints for China’s urbanization and the proposed New Urbanization, namely water, land, energy, and ecological/environmental services. In the end, we specifically distinguish the essential difference between New Urbanization and a seemingly “New Urbanization” movement, i.e., the urban new district construction.


Local Government Rapid Urbanization Urban District Debt Ratio Urbanization Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Science Press Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geographic SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Environmental StudiesMontclair State UniversityMontclairUSA

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