Proximal Hamstring Injuries (ICL 8)

  • Anne D. van der MadeEmail author
  • Gustaaf Reurink
  • Lars Engebretsen
  • Erik Witvrouw
  • Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs
  • Johannes L. Tol
  • Sakari Orava
  • Håvard Moksnes


Proximal hamstring injury occurs frequently and ranges from minor muscle injury to complete avulsions which can be potentially career threatening for athletes. Medical care of these challenging injuries requires proper knowledge of hamstring anatomy, function, aetiology and treatment options. Treatment may be conservative and/or operative. After successful primary treatment, secondary prevention is important due to the high incidence of reinjury. These topics are discussed in the following chapter.


Sciatic Nerve Biceps Femoris Hamstring Tendon Hamstring Muscle Ischial Tuberosity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© ESSKA 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne D. van der Made
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gustaaf Reurink
    • 2
  • Lars Engebretsen
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Erik Witvrouw
    • 1
    • 6
  • Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs
    • 7
  • Johannes L. Tol
    • 8
  • Sakari Orava
    • 9
  • Håvard Moksnes
    • 10
  1. 1.Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine HospitalDohaQatar
  2. 2.The Sports Physicians Group, OLVGAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Medical & Scientific DepartmentInternational Olympic CommitteeLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport SciencesOsloNorway
  5. 5.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryOslo University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, University of OsloOsloNorway
  6. 6.Department of Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health ScienceGent UniversityGhentBelgium
  7. 7.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryAcademic Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  8. 8.Amsterdam Center of Evidence Based Sports MedicineAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  9. 9.Department of OrthopaedicsHospital NEOTurkuFinland
  10. 10.Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport SciencesOsloNorway

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