As a result of the many corporate scandals that have taken place around the world, best‐practice corporate governance guidelines have been developed in most countries. Internationally, the biggest influence on these guidelines has come from the Institute of Directors (IoD) in London, through the advice they provide to other nations. Many countries that do not actually contract with the IoD for advice, nonetheless incorporate aspects of the IoD thinking in their best‐practice guidelines.
The Anglo‐American model of governance is being promoted as the global standard
Soft law does not necessarily address the soft dimension of a firm (in other words, laying down a new soft law does not replace the need for integrity in board relationships and processes) and
Best‐practice guidelines are typically designed for large, publicly listed firms
In adopting corporate governance guidelines developed elsewhere, companies should be aware of the fact that there is not a ″one size fits all″ approach in corporate governance.
Hence we base our approach on the principle “Keep it situational.”
Besides the board members themselves, the fit between the external and internal contexts is the most important determinant of a firm’s success (see Fig. 2.1).
In this chapter we review the external and internal context factors that have a lasting impact on firm success.