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Computing Stable Coalitions: Approximation Algorithms for Reward Sharing

  • Elliot Anshelevich
  • Shreyas Sekar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9470)

Abstract

Consider a setting where selfish agents are to be assigned to coalitions or projects from a set \(\mathcal {P}\). Each project \(k\in \mathcal {P}\) is characterized by a valuation function; \(v_k(S)\) is the value generated by a set S of agents working on project k. We study the following classic problem in this setting: “how should the agents divide the value that they collectively create?”. One traditional approach in cooperative game theory is to study core stability with the implicit assumption that there are infinite copies of one project, and agents can partition themselves into any number of coalitions. In contrast, we consider a model with a finite number of non-identical projects; this makes computing both high-welfare solutions and core payments highly non-trivial.

The main contribution of this paper is a black-box mechanism that reduces the problem of computing a near-optimal core stable solution to the well-studied algorithmic problem of welfare maximization; we apply this to compute an approximately core stable solution that extracts one-fourth of the optimal social welfare for the class of subadditive valuations. We also show much stronger results for several popular sub-classes: anonymous, fractionally subadditive, and submodular valuations, as well as provide new approximation algorithms for welfare maximization with anonymous functions. Finally, we establish a connection between our setting and simultaneous auctions with item bidding; we adapt our results to compute approximate pure Nash equilibria for these auctions.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA

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