Brain Tumors, Intraocular and Orbital Tumors

  • Paul D. ChumasEmail author
  • Susan V. Picton
  • Ian Simmons
  • Manoj Parulekar


In children, brain and spinal cord tumors account for approximately 25 % of all cancer (40–50 % of all pediatric solid tumors). Overall, they are second only to the leukemias in frequency. There have been reports of an increasing incidence of both adult and pediatric brain tumors which may, in part, be due to “detection bias” although some epidemiology groups suggest that the increases are real. The annual incidence is approximately 2–5 cases per 100,000 (1 in 2500 children aged 0–16), which translates to approximately 300–400 new cases being diagnosed in the UK per year.


Brain tumors Spinal cord tumors Intraoculcar tumors Orbital tumors 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul D. Chumas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Susan V. Picton
    • 2
  • Ian Simmons
    • 3
  • Manoj Parulekar
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryLeeds General InfirmaryLeedsEngland, UK
  2. 2.Childrens Oncology and HaematologyChildrens HospitalLeedsEngland, UK
  3. 3.Paediatric OphthalmologySpire Leeds HospitalLeedsEngland, UK
  4. 4.Ophthalmic SurgeryBirmingham Children’s HospitalBirminghamEngland, UK

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