Advertisement

A New Machinecraft

A Critical Evaluation of Architectural Robots
  • Cristina Nan
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 527)

Abstract

This paper intends to develop an understanding of the new role robotics occupy in the architectural process, from the early stage of conceptualization to the final stage of its materialization. This issue will be addressed on two levels of discourse. While the first level discusses the theoretical-philosophical framework behind the architectural integration of robots, the second investigates the resulting methodological implications on an applied research project. A critical evaluation of the use and the self-development of robots or robotic devices by architects is being aspired to. The attempt to redefine the status of the machine in general, and specifically of the robot, seeks to illustrate the robot as an active design agent.

Keywords

Robotic printing Robotic fabrication Construction strategy Machinecraft 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper and the presented theoretical part relies on the author’s PhD thesis, completed under the guidance of Professor Dott. Arch. Paolo Fusi, conducted at the HafenCity University Hamburg and funded by the DFG, the German Research Foundation.

Minibuilders, the here described research project, was developed during the Open Thesis Fabrication program 2013/2014 at the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalunya. The OTF program is constructed on the idea of offering a suitable academic framework and guidance for its participants to conduct individual or group research according to a self-imposed research agenda. Minibuilders was conducted by a group consisting of six international researchers, under the guidance of Prof. Areti Markopoulou and with the help of multiple staff members of the mentoring institute. Further information on the individual members of the research team, the extended academic support, sponsorship and collaborators can be viewed on the official webpage dedicated to this project: http://iaac.net/printingrobots/.

References

  1. Anderson, C.: Makers: The New Industrial Revolution. Random House Business, London (2013)Google Scholar
  2. Carpo, M.: The Alphabet and the Algorithm (Writing Architecture). MIT Press, Cambridge (2011)Google Scholar
  3. Dini, E.: http://www.d-shape.com/tecnologia.htm (2014). Accessed 10 Dec 2014
  4. Fanelli, G.: Brunelleschi. Scala, Florence (1988)Google Scholar
  5. Friemert, C.: Die Gläserne Arche. Kristallpalast London 1851 und 1854. Prestel Verlag, München (1984)Google Scholar
  6. Galluzzi, P.: Renaissance engineers from Brunelleschi to Leonardo da Vinci: [Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, June 22, 1996–January 6, 1997]. GIUNTI, Florence (1997)Google Scholar
  7. Gramazio, F., Kohler, M., Willmann, J.: The Robotic Touch: How Robots Change Architecture. Park Books, Zürich (2014a)Google Scholar
  8. Gramazio, F., Kohler, M., Willmann, J.: Authoring robotic processes. In: Gramazio, F., Kohler, M. (eds.) Made by Robots: Challenging Architecture at a Large Scale, Architectural Design. Wiley, London (2014b)Google Scholar
  9. Gramazio, F., Kohler, M.: Digital Materiality in architecture. Lars Müller Publishers, Zürich (2008)Google Scholar
  10. Jakupovic, A.: Large Scale Addditive Manufacturing. Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Triest, Trieste (2013)Google Scholar
  11. Jesberg, P.: Die Geschichte der Ingenierbaukunst aus dem Geist des Humanismus. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart (1996)Google Scholar
  12. Khoshnevis, B., Hwang, D., Yao, K., Yeh, Z.: Mega-scale fabrication by contour crafting. Int. J. Ind. Syst. Eng. 1(3), 301–320 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. Khoshnevis, B.: Automated construction by contour crafting - related robotics and information technologies. J. Autom. Constr. Spec. Issue (The best of ISARC 2002) 13(1), 5–19 (2004)Google Scholar
  14. Kieran, S., Timberlake, J.: Refabricating Architecture: How Manufacturing Methodologies are Poised to Transform Building Construction. McGraw-Hill Professional, United States (2003)Google Scholar
  15. Lynn, G.: Fold, Bodies and Blobs: Collected Essays. Lettre Volee, New York (1998)Google Scholar
  16. “machine” Merriam-Webster.com 2014: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/machine (2014). Accessed 02 Dec 2014
  17. Menges, A.: Integral Formation and Materialisation: Computational Form and Material Gestalt. In: Kolarevic, B., Klinger, K. (eds.) Manufacturing Material Effects: Rethinking Design and Making in Architecture, pp. 195–210. Routledge, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  18. Negroponte, N.: Toward a theory of architecture machines. J. Archit. Educ. 23(2), 9–12 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Oxman, N.: Material-based Design Computation. http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/59192 (2010). Accessed 10 Dec 2014
  20. Oxman, N.: Variable property rapid prototyping. Virtual Phys. Prototyp. 6(1), 3–31 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Vitruv, M.: Baukunst. Artemis Verlag für Architektur, Zürich and München (1987)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HafenCity UniversityHafencityGermany

Personalised recommendations