Ceramic Products Produced by FS

  • Rafael M. TrommerEmail author
  • Carlos P. Bergmann
Part of the Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering book series (TMMME)


The nanomaterials era has enormously contributed to the development of new materials, and the flame spray (FS) method has arrived as a potential technique for its development. One of the great features of the FS method is the wide range of ceramic commodities produced by this technique, as well the wide range of morphologies available for these nanomaterials. Consequently, several types of application for them are possible. In addition, more and more laboratories and companies around the world have been developed and upgraded different FS apparatus. Recent ceramic materials, which years ago were not imagined to be produced by the FS process, are nowadays obtained in a simple step process. Because the FS is a versatile technique, it allows the production of single and mixed oxides, since black carbon to more complex oxides as hydroxyapatite (HA) and spinels. Thus, this chapter presents numerous examples of ceramic nanomaterials produced in different equipments, either commercial or academic, as well their morphology and main applications. One example is black carbon, which is the first material produced by the FS technique and has a large industrial production rate, and even today, is widely used in different industries and products. Recent nanomaterials, such as Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, ZnO, TiO2, Al2O3, Y2O3, GeO2, MgO-Al2O3, CoMo/Al2O3, and SnO2, are also describe in this chapter.


Black Carbon Silica Nanoparticles Fumed Silica Precursor Solution Zinc Oxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Flame spray


Flame spray deposition


Flame spray pyrolysis




Hybrid electric vehicle




Magnetic resonance imaging








Scanning electronic microscopy


Stagnation swirl flame


Transparent conducting oxide


Transmission electronic microscopy




Titanium(IV) ethoxide


Titanium(IV) isopropoxide


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Metrology DivisionINMETRODuque de CaxiasBrazil
  2. 2.Escola de Engenharia Departamento de Materials - LACERUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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