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Apparatus

  • Rafael M. TrommerEmail author
  • Carlos P. Bergmann
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering book series (TMMME)

Abstract

One of the most important requisites concerning the FS process is the equipment. All fundamental principles are based on the flame configuration, atomization device, flame temperature, powder collection system, and burner. The wide range of apparatus configurations contribute to the several materials that have been produced by the technique described in this book. As it has a strong influence in the final properties of the product, the description of the different equipments reported in the literature is an important feature. Most of the devices reported in this chapter were built in laboratory facilities, but several companies such as DuPont, Cabot, Degussa, Kemira, Tioxide, Corning Glass, and General Electric have been using their own equipments. The flame spray (FS) equipment can be basically divided in three sub-components: the atomization device, the group of flames, and finally the powder collection system. Each of these devices has its importance in the process of producing powders using the FS method, and all of them have different designs and different sub-components, according to the industry or institution that developed/fabricated the equipment. Thus, in this chapter, the main features of the FS apparatus are discussed, and a special attention was given to the flame device, which is the most important device of the equipment.

Keywords

Precursor Solution Flame Temperature Premix Flame Aluminum Dope Zinc Oxide Electrostatic Precipitator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

CH

Carbohydrazide

DFH

N,N-diformylhydrazine

HMT

Hexamethylenetetramine

ODH

Oxalyldihydrazine

TFTA

Tetraformaltrisazine

FS

Flame spray

FSP

Flame spray pyrolysis

FTIIR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

HA

Hydroxyapatite

HMDSO

Hexamethyldisiloxane

ITO

Indium–tin oxide

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TEOS

Tetraethylorthosilicate

TNB

Titanium (IV) tert-butoxide

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Metrology DivisionINMETRODuque de CaxiasBrazil
  2. 2.Escola de Engenharia Departamento de Materials - LACERUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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