Applications for Drug Assays

  • Sibel A. Ozkan
  • Jean-Michel Kauffmann
  • Petr Zuman
Part of the Monographs in Electrochemistry book series (MOEC)


The choice of an appropriate technique for the determination of a drug or a mixture of drug compounds is mainly governed by the sample matrix complexity, the analyte concentration, and the sample treatment time. Compared to optical, mass, and thermal methods, electrochemical techniques are especially attractive because they offer unique detection capabilities with remarkable selectivity and sensitivity for a moderate cost [1–17]. The final selection of an analytical technique depends on the intrinsic structure and physicochemical properties of the studied analyte. Potentiometric electrodes have been described for the selective determination of pharmaceuticals, but voltammetric methods are most generally developed due to their inherent high sensitivity and versatility provided that the studied drug compound is electroactive.



Cyclic-tetrameric copper (II) species containing the ligand (4 imidazolyl) ethylene-2-amino-1-ethylpyridine


5-Hydroxytriptamine (serotonin)


Alternating current




Alternating current polarography


Alumina-coated silica


Alternating current voltammetry


Adsorptive stripping voltammetry


Silver liquid amalgam film-silver solid amalgam annular band electrode


Silver nanoparticles


4-amino-3-hydroxynaphthalene sulfonic acid


Alizarine Red S


Adsorptive stripping voltammetry


Boron-doped diamond electrode


Basal plane pyrolytic graphite electrode




Cathodic adsorptive stripping voltammetry




Carbon-ceramic electrode




Cyclodextrin prepolymer


Carbon electrode


Carbon fiber microelectrode


Carbon ionic liquid electrode




Carbon nanofiber


Carbon nanotube


Multiwalled carbon nanotubes bearing terminal monomeric unit


Carbon nanotube paste electrode




Cobalt hexacyanoferrate nanoparticles


Controlled potential coulometry


Carbon paste electrode


Carbon paste electrode modified by meso-tetrakis(3-methylphenyl) cobalt porphyrin and TiO2 nanoparticles


Cathodic stripping voltammetry




Cyclic voltammetry






Direct current polarography




Dropping mercury electrode


Dimethyl formamide


Deoxyribonucleic acid


Differential pulse adsorptive anodic stripping voltammetry


Differential-pulse adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry


Differential pulse adsorptive stripping voltammetry


Differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry


Differential pulse anodic voltammetry


Diamond paste electrode


Differential pulse polarography


Differential pulse stripping voltammetry


Differential pulse voltammetry


Double stranded deoxyribonucleic acid


Au DTPS self-assembled monolayer modified electrode


2 2′-[1,2-ethanediylbis (nitriloethylidyne)]-bis-hydroquinone carbon nanotube paste electrode


Electrochemical detection


Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy


1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate


Edge plane pyrolytic graphite electrode


Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide


Carbon nanotube paste electrode modified with ferrocene dicarboxylic acid


Ferrocene modified carbon nanotubes paste electrode


Fe (III) schiff base modified carbon paste electrode


Iron ion-doped natrolite zeolite


Fast Fourier transform cyclic voltammetry


Flow injection analysis


Fast scan cyclic voltammetry


Gold-aminomercaptothiadiazole core-shell nanoparticles


Glassy carbon electrode


Glassy carbon paste electrode


Gold electrode


Glutamate oxidase


Gold nanoparticles modified carbon paste electrode


Gold nanoparticle


Graphene nanosheets


Graphene oxide


Graphene paste electrode


Gold modified pencil graphite electrode

Gr GrO



Graphene sheets


Graphene sheets and 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid


Graphite silicone rubber


Hanging mercury drop electrode


Hollow nitrogen-doped carbon microspheres


Horseradish peroxidase


Ionic liquid


Indium tin oxide


Linear adsorptive cyclic voltammogram


Liquid chromatography




Limit of detection


Limit of quantification


Linear sweep adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry


Linear sweep polarography


Linear sweep voltammetry


Mercury meniscus modified silver solid amalgam electrode


Modified carbon composite electrode


Modified carbon paste electrode


Mercury electrode


Cobalt methyl salophen


Molecularly imprinted polymer




Main residence time


Multiwalled carbon nanotube


Carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes


Multiwall carbon nanotubes ionic liquid electrode


Multiwalled carbon nanotube paste electrode


Nafion-incorporated carbon paste electrode


Neodymium hexacyanoferrate film


N-(3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl)-3,5-dinitrobenzamide modified carbon nanotube paste electrode




Nafion-coated glassy carbon electrode


Nickel hexacyanoferrate nanoparticle


Nickel hexacyanoferrate nanoparticles


Nickel phosphate nanoparticles


Nickel oxide nanoparticles


Non-imprinted polymer


Pt-nanoparticles modified multiwalled carbon nanotube paste electrode


Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs


Oxidized multiwall carbon nanotube


Ordinary pyrolytic graphite-cobalt phthalocyanine


Poly(4-amino-3-hydroxynaphthalene sulfonic acid)


Poly(acrylic) acid


p-aminobenzoic acid


PEGylated arginine functionalized magnetic nanoparticles






Multiwall carbon nanotubes paste electrode modified with p-aminophenol


p-chloranil-carbon nanotubes paste electrode


Carbon nanotubes paste electrode modified with p-chloranil


Nanocrystalline graphite-like pyrolytic carbon film electrode


Pseudo-carbon paste electrode


Palladium nanoparticles


Dendrimer modified disposable graphite electrode


Poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene)


Polymer film modified carbon paste electrode


Poly-glutamic acid


Pencil graphite electrode


Paraffin wax impregnated graphite electrode


Poly(methylene blue)


Pretreated multiwalled carbon nanotube paste electrode


l-diphenylalanine nanotubes




Diglycolic acid polymer


Poly(pyrocatechol violet)




Poly [2,2′:5′,2″-terthiophene-3′-(p-benzoic acid)] conducting polymer—phosphatidylserine


Carboxylic acid group-functionalized conducting polymer


Pretreated pencil graphite electrode


poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate-co-acrylic acid)


Platinum electrode




Pyrolytic carbon electrodes


Reduced graphene oxide


Room temperature ionic liquids


Poly(2-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]benzoic acid) film


Sodium dodecyl sulfate


Sol–gel silica


Silicon carbide nanoparticles


Static mercury drop electrode


Screen-printed carbon electrodes


Screen-printed electrode


Screen-printed glassy carbon electrode


Square wave adsorptive anodic stripping voltammetry


Square-wave adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry


Square wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry


Square wave anodic stripping voltammetry


Single walled carbon nanotube


Square wave polarography


Square wave voltammetry


Tellurium-nanowire-coated glassy carbon electrodes


Tast polarography




Zero current potentiometry


ZnS nanoparticle




Zn-tetraphenyl porphyrin






  1. 1.
    Kissinger PT, Heineman WR (eds) (1996) Laboratory techniques in electroanalytical chemistry, 2nd edn. New York, Marcel DekkerGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smyth MR, Vos JG (eds) (1992) Analytical voltammetry, vol XXVII. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang J (ed) (1988) Electroanalytical techniques in clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. VCH Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang J (1989) Voltammetry following nanoelectrolytic preconcentration. In: Bard AJ (ed) Electroanalytical chemistry, vol 16. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Patriarche GJ, Chateau-Gosselin M, Vandenbalck JL, Zuman P (1979) Polarography and related electroanalytical techniques in pharmacy and pharmacology. In: Bard AJ (ed) Electroanalytical chemistry, vol 11. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vire J-C, Kauffmann J-M (1994) Curr Top Electrochem 3:493–515Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brooks MA, Tsai EW (1996) Electrochemistry in pharmaceutical analysis. In: Kissinger PT, Heineman WR (eds) Laboratory techniques in electroanalytical chemistry, 2nd edn. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang J (ed) (2006) Analytical electrochemistry, 3rd edn. Wiley-VCH, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zuman P, Perrin CL (1969) Organic polarography. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bard AJ, Faulkner LR (2001) Electrochemical methods, fundamentals and applications, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kellner R, Mermet J-M, Otto M, Valcarcel M, Widmer HM (eds) (2004) Analytical chemistry, a modern approach to analytical science, 2nd edn. New York, WileyGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Brett CMA, Oliveira-Brett AM (eds) (1993) Electrochemistry, principles, methods and applications. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bagotsky VS (ed) (2006) Fundamentals of electrochemistry, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Christian GD, Dasgupta P, Schug K (eds) (2013) Analytical chemistry, 7th edn. Wiley, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hart JP (1990) Electroanalysis of biologically important compounds. Ellis Harwood, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Branina KH, Neyman E (1993) Electroanalytical stripping methods. In: Winefordner JD (ed) Chemical analysis: A series of monographs an analytical chemistry and its applications, vol 126. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ozkan SA (ed) (2012) Electroanalytical methods in pharmaceutical analysis and their validation, 1st edn. New York, HNB PubGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ferguson BS, Hoggarth DA, Maliniak D, Ploense K, White RJ, Woodward N, Hsieh K, Bonham AJ, Eisenstein M, Kippin TE, Plaxco KW, Soh HT (2013) Sci Transl Med 5:213Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jahn S, Karst U (2012) J Chromatogr A 1259:16–49Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Flanagan RJ, Perrett D, Whelpton R (eds) (2005) Electrochemical detection in HPLC analysis of drugs and poisons. Smith RM (series ed) RSC Pub, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    La Course WR (ed) (1997) Pulsed electrochemical detection in high performance liquid chromatography. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ozkan SA (2007) Chromatographia 66:S3–S13Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Diculescu VC, Chiorcea Paquim AM, Oliveira Brett AM (2005) Sensors 5:377–393Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ozkan SA, Uslu B, Aboul-Enein HY (2003) Crit Rev Anal Chem 33:155–181Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ohannesian L, Streeter AJ (eds) (2002) Handbook of pharmaceutical analysis. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Watson DG (2005) Pharmaceutical analysis, 2nd edn. Elsevier, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Gürler B, Özkorucuklu SP, Kir E (2013) J Pharm Biomed Anal 84:263–268Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Elqudaby HM, Mohamed GG, Ali FA, Eid SM (2013) Arab J Chem 6:327–333Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ghalkhani M, Shahrokhian S (2013) Sens Actuators B 185:669–674Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhang F, Gu S, Ding Y, Zhang Z, Li L (2013) Anal Chim Acta 770:53–61Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Brahman PK, Dar RA, Pitre KS (2013) Sens Actuators B 176:307–314Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ensafi AA, Allafchian AR, Rezaei B (2013) Colloids Surf B 103:468–474Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Devaraj M, Deivasigamani RK, Jeyadevan S (2013) Colloids Surf B 102:554–561Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ensafi AA, Allafchian AR (2013) Colloids Surf B 102:687–693Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhang F, Gu S, Ding Y, Li L, Liu X (2013) Bioelectrochemistry 89:42–49Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhang F, Li L, Luo L, Ding Y, Liu X (2013) J Appl Electrochem 43:263–269Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Farias PAM, Castro AA, Cordoves AIP (2012) ECS Trans 43:267–287Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Shetti NP, Malode SJ, Nandibewoor ST (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 88:76–83Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Svorc L, Sochr J, Rievaj M, Tomcik P, Bustin D (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 88:36–41Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Souza MRS, Aragao DM, Santos RHT, Garcia CAB, Alves JPH, Arguelho MLPM (2012) ECS Trans 43:289–296Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Wen W, Zhao D-M, Zhang X-H, Xiong H-Y, Wang S-F, Chen W, Zhao Y-D (2012) Sens Actuators B 174:202–209Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ensafi AA, Allafchian AR, Rezaei B (2012) J Nanopart Res 14:1244–1255Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Geto A, Amare M, Tessema M, Admassie S (2012) Anal Bioanal Chem 404:525–530Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Peng J, Hou C, Hu X (2012) Sens Actuators B 169:81–87Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Heli H, Pourbahman F, Sattarahmady N (2012) Anal Sci 28:503–510Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Attia AK, El-Shal MA (2012) Anal Bioanal Electrochem 4:213–224Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Brahman PK, Dar RA, Tiwari S, Pitre KS (2012) Rev Anal Chem 31:83–92Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Radi A-E, El-Ghany NA, Wahdan T (2012) Monatsh Chem 143:697–702Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Arvand M, Ansari R, Heydari L (2011) Mater Sci Eng C 31:1819–1825Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Peng JY, Hou CT, Liu XX, Li HB, Hu XY (2011) Talanta 86:227–232Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Jain R, Vikas (2011) Colloids Surf B 87:423–426Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Castro AA, de Souza MVN, Rey NA, Farias PAM (2011) J Braz Chem Soc 22:1662–1668Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Wan H, Zhao F, Zeng B (2011) Colloids Surf B 86:247–250Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Hu Y, Li J, Zhang Z, Zhang H, Luo L, Yao S (2011) Anal Chim Acta 698:61–68Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Attia AK, Saber RA (2011) Anal Bioanal Electrochem 3:291–301Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Cordoves AIP, Farias PAM (2011) Curr Pharm Anal 7:71–78Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Habib IHI, Rizk MS, El-Aryan TR (2011) Pharm Chem J 44:705–710Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Ghalkhani M, Fernandes IPG, Oliveira SCB, Shahrokhian S, Oliveira-Brett AM (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 80:175–181Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Fotouhi L, Nemati M, Heravi MM (2011) J Appl Electrochem 41:137–142Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wan H, Zhao F, Wu W, Zeng B (2011) Colloids Surf B 82:427–431Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Castro AA, Aucélio RQ, Rey NA, Miguel EM, Farias PAM (2011) Comb Chem High Throughput Screening 14:22–27Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Sheng Q, Liu R, Zhang S, Zheng J (2014) Biosens Bioelectron 51:191–194Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Fotouhi L, Bahmani F (2013) Electroanalysis 25:757–764Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Mirmoghtadaie L, Ensafi A, Kadivar M, Norouzi P (2013) Mater Sci Eng C 33:1753–1758Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Radhapyari K, Kotoky P, Khan R (2013) Mater Sci Eng C 33:583–587Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Rafique B, Khalid AM, Akhtar K, Jabbar A (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 44:21–26Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Marco JP, Borges KB, Tarley CRT, Ribeiro ES, Pereira AC (2013) J Electroanal Chem 704:159–168Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Ribeiro FAS, Tarley CRT, Borges KB, Pereira AC (2013) Sens Actuators B 185:743–754Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Brahman PK, Dar RA, Pitre KS (2013) Sens Actuators B 177:807–812Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Radhapyari K, Kotoky P, Das MR, Khan R (2013) Talanta 111:47–53Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Fotouhi L, Hashkavayi AB, Heravi MM (2013) Int J Biol Macromol 53:101–106Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Batra B, Pundir CS (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 47:496–501Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Bozal B, Dogan-Topal B, Uslu B, Ozkan SA, Aboul-Enein HY (2012) Curr Anal Chem 8:528–534Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Gu T, Hasebe Y (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 33:222–227Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Kergaravat SV, Gomez GA, Fabiano SN, Chavez TIL, Pividori MI, Hernandez SR (2012) Talanta 97:484–490Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Jiang B, Wang M, Chen Y, Xie J, Xiang Y (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 32:305–308Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Rounaghi G, Kakhki RM (2012) Bull Mater Sci 35:811–816Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Chandra S, Arora K, Bahadur D (2012) Mater Sci Eng B 177:1531–1537Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Satana HE, Pontinha ADR, Diculescu VC, Oliveira-Brett AM (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 87:3–8Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Ensafi AA, Bafrooei EH, Amini M (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 31:376–381Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Jalali F, Dorraji PS (2012) J Pharm Biomed Anal 70:598–601Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Liu X, Peng Y, Qu X, Ai S, Han R, Zhu X (2011) J Electroanal Chem 654:72–78Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Dogan-Topal B, Ozkan SA (2011) Talanta 83:780–788Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Dogan-Topal B, Ozkan SA (2011) Electrochim Acta 56:4433–4438Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Chandra P, Zaidi SA, Noh H-B, Shim Y-B (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 28:326–332Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Bian CL, Zeng QX, Yang LJ, Xiong HY, Zhang XH, Wang SF (2011) Sens Actuators B 156:615–620Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    X-x G, Z-j S, J-j S, J-f S (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 26:4001–4005Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Yousef Elahi M, Bathaie SZ, Kazemi SH, Mousavi MF (2011) Anal Biochem 411:176–184Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Bertolino FA, De Vito IE, Messina GA, Fernández H, Raba J (2011) J Electroanal Chem 651:204–210Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Kuralay F, Erdem A, Abacı S, Özyörük H, Yıldız A (2010) J Appl Electrochem 40:2039–2050Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Radi A-E, Wahdan T, Anwar Z, Mostafa H (2010) Electroanalysis 22:2665–2671Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Topkaya SN, Aydinlik S, Aladag N, Ozsoz M, Ozkan-Ariksoysal D (2010) Comb Chem High Throughput Screening 13:582–589Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Chen B, Ma M, Su X (2010) Anal Chim Acta 674:89–95Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Zhang Y, Zhang K, Ma H (2009) Anal Biochem 387:13–19Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Mirmomtaz E, Ensafi AA, Soleimanian-Zad S (2009) Electrochim Acta 54:1141–1146Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Wang F, Wu Y, Liu J, Ye B (2009) Electrochim Acta 54:1408–1413Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Alonso-Lomillo MA, Domínguez-Renedo O, Hernández-Martín A, Arcos-Martínez MJ (2009) Anal Biochem 395:86–90Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Dogan-Topal B, Uslu B, Ozkan SA (2009) Biosens Bioelectron 24:2358–2364Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Lin XH, Wan HY, Zhang YF, Chen JH (2008) Talanta 74:944–950Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Cheng WX, Peng DY, Lu CH, Fang CW (2008) Russ J Electrochem 44:1052–1057Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Niu S, Zhao M, Hu L, Zhang S (2008) Sens Actuators B 135:200–205Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Mehdinia A, Kazemi SH, Bathaie SZ, Alizadeh A, Shamsipur M, Mousavi MF (2008) Anal Biochem 375:331–338Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Tian X, Song Y, Dong H, Ye B (2008) Bioelectrochemistry 73:18–22Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Ghanbari K, Bathaie SZ, Mousavi MF (2008) Biosens Bioelectron 23:1825–1831Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Ashrafi AM, Kurbanoglu S, Vytřas K, Uslu B, Ozkan SA (2014) J Electroanal Chem 712:178–184Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Ashrafi AM, Gumustas M, Vytřas K, Nematollahi D, Uslu B, Mikysek T, Jirásko R, Ozkan SA (2013) Electrochim Acta 109:381–388Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Dogan-Topal B, Bozal-Palabiyik B, Uslu B, Ozkan SA (2013) Sens Actuators B 177:841–847Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    da Silva H, Pacheco JG, Magalhães JM, Viswanathan S, Delerue-Matos C (2014) Biosens Bioelectron 52:56–61Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Agrawal B, Chandra P, Goyal RN, Shim YB (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 47:307–312Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Ensafi AA, Karimi-Maleh H (2012) Drug Test Analysis 4:970–977Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Teradal NL, Kalanur SS, Prashanth SN, Seetharamappa J (2012) J Appl Electrochem 42:917–923Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Wang S, Huang Z, Liu M, Ding H (2012) Sens Lett 10:117–121Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Wang F, Gao Y, Gao L, Xing T (2011) J Chin Chem Soc 58:450–456Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Hosseiny Davarani SS, Kalate Bojdi M, Mehdinia A (2011) Chem Pharm Bull 59:1209–1213Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Sataraddi SR, Nandibewoor ST (2011) Der Pharma Chemica 3:253–265Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Chandra P, Noh H-B, Won M-S, Shim Y-B (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 26:4442–4449Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Erdem A, Karadeniz H, Caliskan A (2011) Analyst 136:1041–1045Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Šelešovská R, Bandžuchová L, Navrátil T (2011) Electroanalysis 23:177–187Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Zhang D, Zhang Y, He L (2013) Electroanalysis 25:2136–2144Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Bozal-Palabiyik B, Dogan-Topal B, Uslu B, Can A, Ozkan SA (2013) J Solid State Electrochem 17:2815–2822Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Kurbanoglu S, Dogan-Topal B, Uslu B, Can A, Ozkan SA (2013) Electroanalysis 25:1473–1482Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Karadas N, Sanli S, Akmese B, Dogan-Topal B, Can A, Ozkan SA (2013) Talanta 115:911–919Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Ye L, Xiang M, Zhang Y, Luo L, Gao Y, Yu J, Cha J (2013) Int J Electrochem Sci 8:12726–12734Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Onay-Besikci A, Ozkan SA (2012) Drugs versus chemicals. In: Ozkan SA (ed) Electroanalytical methods in pharmaceutical analysis and their validation, 1st edn. HNB Pub, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Amiri-Aref M, Raoof JB, Ojani R (2013) Colloids Surf B 109:287–293Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Jain R, Dhanjai, Sharma S (2013) Colloids Surf A 436:178–184Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Arvand M, Palizkar B (2013) Mater Sci Eng C 33:4876–4883Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Maashhadizadeh MH, Refahati R, Amereh E (2013) Anal Bioanal Electrochem 5:270–282Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Dogan-Topal B (2013) J Solid State Electrochem 17:1059–1066Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Gupta VK, Jain AK, Shoora SK (2013) Electrochim Acta 93:248–253Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Wang Q, Das MR, Li M, Boukherroub R, Szunerits S (2013) Bioelectrochemistry 93:15–22Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Švorc L, Sochr J, Svítková J, Rievaj M, Bustin D (2013) Electrochim Acta 87:503–510Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Mashhadizadeh MH, Afshar E (2012) Electroanalysis 24:2193–2202Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Alipour E, Gasemlou S (2012) Anal Methods 4:2962–2969Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Leite FRF, Maroneze CM, de Oliveira AB, Santos WTPD, Damos FS, Luz RDCS (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 86:22–29Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Abbar J, Nandibewoor S (2012) Crit Rev Anal Chem 42:272–281Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Esfandiari Baghbamidi S, Beitollahi H, Karimi-Maleh H, Soltani-Nejad S, Soltani-Nejad V, Roodsaz S (2012) J Anal Method Chem 2012:305872. doi: 10.1155/2012/305872 Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Mazloum-Ardakani M, Taleat Z, Khoshroo A, Beitollahi H, Dehghani H (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 35:75–81Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Saberi R-S, Shahrokhian S (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 84:38–43Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Lin WY, Pan ML, Wang HY, Su YO, Huang PW (2012) Med Chem Res 21:4389–4394Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Abbar JC, Nandibewoor ST (2012) Ind Eng Chem Res 51:111–118Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Heli H, Faramarzi F, Sattarahmady N (2012) J Solid State Electrochem 16:45–52Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Navaee A, Salimi A, Teymourian H (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 31:205–211Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Mersal GAM (2012) Food Anal Methods 5:520–529Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Pruneanu S, Pogacean F, Biris AR, Ardelean S, Canpean V, Blanita G, Dervishi E, Biris AS (2011) J Phys Chem C 115:23387–23394Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Chung I-C, Chang C-C, Chiu H-S, Jiang S-F, Lee M-H, Chung C-L, Liu B-D, Huang C-Y, Lin HY (2011) J Nanosci Nanotechnol 11:10633–10638Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Wang Y (2011) Colloids Surf B 88:614–621Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Demircigil BT, Dogan-Topal B, Ozkan SA (2011) Collect Czech Chem Commun 76:1717–1736Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Atta NF, Galal A, Azab SM (2011) Analyst 136:4682–4691Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Mazloum-Ardakani M, Ganjipour B, Beitollahi H, Amini MK, Mirkhalaf F, Naeimi H, Nejati-Barzoki M (2011) Electrochim Acta 56:9113–9120Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Nigović B, Spajić J (2011) Talanta 86:393–399Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Langmaier J, Garay F, Kivlehan F, Chaum E, Lindner E (2011) Anal Chim Acta 704:63–67Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Gholivand MB, Khodadadian M (2011) Talanta 85:1680–1688Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Yang G, Chen Y, Li L, Yang Y (2011) Clin Chim Acta 412:1544–1549Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Pérez-Ortiz M, Bollo S, Zapata-Urzúa C, Yáñez C, Álvarez-Lueje A (2011) Anal Lett 44:1683–1698Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Manjunatha JG, Swamy BEK, Mamatha GP, Gilbert O, Srinivas MT, Sherigara BS (2011) Der Pharma Chemica 3:236–249Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Sanghavi BJ, Srivastava AK (2011) Electrochim Acta 56:4188–4196Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Parvin MH (2011) Electrochem Commun 13:366–369Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Karimi MA, Hatefi-Mehrjardi A, Ardakani MM, Ardakani RB, Mashhadizadeh MH, Sargazi S (2011) Russ J Electrochem 47:34–41Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Shahrokhian S, Kamalzadeh Z, Hamzehloei A (2013) Bioelectrochemistry 90:36–43Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Mashhadizadeh MH, Afshar E (2013) Electrochim Acta 87:816–823Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Ağın F, Karadaş N, Uslu B, Özkan SA (2013) Maced J Chem Chem Eng 32:41–55Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Raj MA, John SA (2013) Anal Chim Acta 771:14–20Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Ansari M, Kazemi S, Khalilzadeh MA, Karimi-Maleh H, Zanousi MBP (2013) Int J Electrochem Sci 8:1938–1948Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    Macíková P, Skopalová J, Cankař P, Papoušková B, Straková R, Jirovský D, Maier V (2013) Electroanalysis 25:205–212Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Atta NF, Galal A, Azab SM (2012) Electroanalysis 24:1431–1440Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    Mersal GAM (2012) J Solid State Electrochem 16:2031–2039Google Scholar
  168. 168.
    Ahmar H, Fakhari AR (2012) Anal Methods 4:812–818Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Ensafi AA, Karimi-Maleh H (2011) Drug Test Anal 3:325–330Google Scholar
  170. 170.
    Ensafi AA, Dadkhah M, Karimi-Maleh H (2011) Colloids Surf B 84:148–154Google Scholar
  171. 171.
    Mazloum-Ardakani M, Beitollahi H, Amini MK, Mirkhalaf F, Mirjalili B-F (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 26:2102–2106Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Sattarahmady N, Heli H, Dehdari Vais R (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 48:197–202Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    Prasad BB, Prasad A, Tiwari MP, Madhuri R (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 45:114–122Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Yan J, Liu S, Zhang Z, He G, Zhou P, Liang H, Tian L, Zhou X, Jiang H (2013) Colloids Surf B 111:392–397Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Thomas T, Mascarenhas RJ, Swamy BEK, Martis P, Mekhalif Z, Sherigara BS (2013) Colloids Surf B 110:458–465Google Scholar
  176. 176.
    Zeng Y, Zhou Y, Kong L, Zhou T, Shi G (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 45:25–33Google Scholar
  177. 177.
    Abbar JC, Nandibewoor ST (2013) Colloids Surf B 106:158–164Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    Kor K, Zarei K (2013) Electroanalysis 25:1497–1504Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Jain R (2013) Dhanjai. Colloids Surf B 105:278–283Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    Javanbakht M, Fathollahi F, Divsar F, Ganjali MR, Norouzi P (2013) Sens Actuators B 182:362–367Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Habibi D, Faraji AR, Gil A (2013) Sens Actuators B 182:80–86Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Ardila JA, Oliveira GG, Medeiros RA, Fatibello-Filho O (2013) J Electroanal Chem 690:32–37Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Karimi-Maleh H, Khalilzadeh MA, Ranjbarha Z, Beitollahi H, Ensafi AA, Zareyee D (2012) Anal Methods 4:2088–2094Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Xu L, Guo Q, Yu H, Huang J, You T (2012) Talanta 97:462–467Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    Shrivastas R, Satsangee SP, Jain R (2012) ECS Trans 50(54):23–36Google Scholar
  186. 186.
    Sun W, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Ju X, Li G, Sun Z (2012) Anal Chim Acta 751:59–65Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    Freitas KHG, Fatibello-Filho O, de Mattos IL (2012) Braz J Pharm Sci 48:639–649Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Shakibaian V, Parvin MH (2012) J Electroanal Chem 683:119–124Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    Deepa MB, Mamatha GP, Arthoba Naik Y, Sherigara BS, Manjappa S, Vijaya B (2012) J Chem Pharm Res 4:2803–2816Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Karadas N, Sanli S, Gumustas M, Ozkan SA (2012) J Pharm Biomed Anal 66:116–125Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Bui M-PN, Li CA, Seong GH (2012) Biochip J 6:149–156Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    Tsai H-Y, Lin Z-H, Chang H-T (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 35:479–483Google Scholar
  193. 193.
    Galal A, Atta NF, El-Ads EH (2012) Talanta 93:264–273Google Scholar
  194. 194.
    Ensafi AA, Arabzadeh A (2012) J Anal Chem 67:486–496Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Jain R, Sharma R (2012) J Appl Electrochem 42:341–348Google Scholar
  196. 196.
    Stoiljkovic ZZ, Avramov Ivic ML, Petrovic SD, Mijin DZ, Stevanovic SI, Lacnjevac UC, Marinkovic AD (2012) Int J Electrochem Sci 7:2288–2303Google Scholar
  197. 197.
    Abbar JC, Malode SJ, Nandibewoor ST (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 83:1–7Google Scholar
  198. 198.
    Malode SJ, Abbar JC, Shetti NP, Nandibewoor ST (2012) Electrochim Acta 60:95–101Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    Zhang W, Chai Y, Yuan R, Chen S, Han J, Yuan D (2012) Anal Chim Acta 756:7–12Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Hadi M, Rouhollahi A (2012) Anal Chim Acta 721:55–60Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    Shadjou N, Hasanzadeh M, Saghatforoush L, Mehdizadeh R, Jouyban A (2011) Electrochim Acta 58:336–347Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    Nigović B, Marušić M, Jurić S (2011) J Electroanal Chem 663:72–78Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    Park J, Takmakov P, Wightman RM (2011) J Neurochem 119:932–944Google Scholar
  204. 204.
    Matos IDO, Alves WA (2011) ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 3:4437–4443Google Scholar
  205. 205.
    Li Y, Liu X, Liu X, Mai N, Li Y, Wei W, Cai Q (2011) Colloids Surf B 88:402–406Google Scholar
  206. 206.
    Huang K-J, Jing Q-S, Wu Z-W, Wang L, Wei C-Y (2011) Colloids Surf B 88:310–314Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Ensafi AA, Karimi-Maleh H, Mallakpour S, Rezaei B (2011) Colloids Surf B 87:480–488Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    Noroozifar M, Khorasani-Motlagh M, Akbari R, Parizi MB (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 28:56–63Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Chuekachang S, Phanichphant S, Chaiyasit S (2011) Mol Cryst Liq Cryst 538:292–297Google Scholar
  210. 210.
    Zhang Y, Yuan R, Chai Y, Li W, Zhong X, Zhong H (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 26:3977–3980Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    Koehne JE, Marsh M, Boakye A, Douglas B, Kim IY, Chang SY, Jang DP, Bennet KE, Kimble C, Andrews R, Meyyappan M, Lee KH (2011) Analyst 136:1802–1805Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    Behpour M, Ghoreishi SM, Honarmand E, Salavati-Niasari M (2011) J Electroanal Chem 653:75–80Google Scholar
  213. 213.
    Jain R, Yadav RK (2011) Drug Test Anal 3:171–175Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    Xiao C, Chu X, Yang Y, Li X, Zhang X, Chen J (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 26:2934–2939Google Scholar
  215. 215.
    Atta NF, Galal A, Ahmed RA (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 80:132–141Google Scholar
  216. 216.
    dos Santos SX, Cavalheiro ETG (2011) Anal Lett 44:850–862Google Scholar
  217. 217.
    Kul D, Uslu B, Ozkan SA (2011) Anal Lett 44:1341–1357Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Kaur B, Pandiyan T, Satpati B, Srivastava R (2013) Colloids Surf B 111:97–106Google Scholar
  219. 219.
    Khoobi A, Ghoreishi SM, Masoum S, Behpour M (2013) Bioelectrochemistry 94:100–107Google Scholar
  220. 220.
    Ardila JA, Sartori ER, Rocha-Filho RC, Fatibello-Filho O (2013) Talanta 103:201–206Google Scholar
  221. 221.
    Bali Prasad B, Jauhari D, Prasad Tiwari M (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 50:19–27Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Gholivand MB, Mohammadi-Behzad L (2013) Anal Biochem 438:53–60Google Scholar
  223. 223.
    Molero L, Faundez M, del Valle MA, del Río R, Armijo F (2013) Electrochim Acta 88:871–876Google Scholar
  224. 224.
    Bagheri A, Hosseini H (2012) Bioelectrochemistry 88:164–170Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Sharma DK, Mourya GL, Jhankal KK, Jones LA, Bhargava SK (2012) Der Pharmacia Lettre 4:1599–1606Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Brahman PK, Dar RA, Tiwari S, Pitre KS (2012) Colloids Surf A 396:8–15Google Scholar
  227. 227.
    Pan M, Fang G, Duan Z, Kong L, Wang S (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 31:11–16Google Scholar
  228. 228.
    Dogan-Topal B, Kul D, Ozkan SA, Uslu B (2011) J Appl Electrochem 41:1253–1260Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    Jain R, Vikas, Radhapyari K (2011) Drug Test Anal 3:743–747Google Scholar
  230. 230.
    Radi AEM, Eissa SH (2011) Collect Czech Chem Commun 76:13–25Google Scholar
  231. 231.
    Rafiee B, Fakhari AR (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 46:130–135Google Scholar
  232. 232.
    de Lima CA, Spinelli A (2013) Electrochim Acta 107:542–548Google Scholar
  233. 233.
    Arvand M, Gholizadeh TM (2013) Colloids Surf B 103:84–93Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    Khaskheli AR, Fischer J, Barek J, Vyskočil V, Sirajuddin, Bhanger MI (2013) Electrochim Acta 101:238–242Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Thomas T, Mascarenhas RJ, Cotta F, Guha KS, Swamy BEK, Martis P, Mekhalif Z (2013) Colloids Surf B 101:91–96Google Scholar
  236. 236.
    Dalmasso PR, Pedano ML, Rivas GA (2012) Sens Actuators B 173:732–736Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    Gowda JI, Nandibewoor ST (2012) Ind Eng Chem Res 51:15936–15941Google Scholar
  238. 238.
    Amiri M, Alimoradi M, Nekoueian K, Bezaatpour A (2012) Ind Eng Chem Res 51:14384–14389Google Scholar
  239. 239.
    Babu RS, Prabhu P, Anuja S, Narayanan SS (2012) J Chem Pharm Res 4:3592–3600Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Xu F, Ru H-Y, Sun L-X, Zou Y-J, Jiao C-L, Wang T-Y, Zhang J-M, Zheng Q, Zhou H-Y (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 38:27–30Google Scholar
  241. 241.
    Arvand M, Gholizadeh TM, Zanjanchi MA (2012) Mater Sci Eng C 32:1682–1689Google Scholar
  242. 242.
    Devadas B, Rajkumar M, Chen S-M, Saraswathi R (2012) Int J Electrochem Sci 7:3339–3349Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Sadeghi S, Motaharian A, Moghaddam AZ (2012) Sens Actuators B 168:336–344Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Raoof JB, Ojani R, Amiri-Aref M, Chekin F (2012) Russ J Electrochem 48:450–456Google Scholar
  245. 245.
    Ghavami R, Navaee A (2012) Microchim Acta 176:493–499Google Scholar
  246. 246.
    Hasanzadeh M, Shadjou N, Saghatforoush L, Dolatabadi JEN (2012) Colloids Surf B 92:91–97Google Scholar
  247. 247.
    Gopu G, Muralidharan B, Vedhi C, Manisankar P (2012) Ionics 18:231–239Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    Faria EO, Lopes Junior ACV, Souto DEP, Leite FRF, Damos FS, de Cassia SLR, dos Santos AS, Franco DL, DosSantos WTP (2012) Electroanalysis 24:1141–1146Google Scholar
  249. 249.
    Sanghavi BJ, Srivastava AK (2011) Anal Chim Acta 706:246–254Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Hou X, Shen G, Meng L, Zhu L, Guo M (2011) Russ J Electrochem 47:1262–1267Google Scholar
  251. 251.
    Kauffmann JM, van Antwerpen P, Sarakbi A, Feier B, Tarik S, Aydogmus Z (2011) Electroanalysis 23:2643–2650Google Scholar
  252. 252.
    Atta NF, Galal A, Abu-Attia FM, Azab SM (2011) J Mater Chem 21:13015–13024Google Scholar
  253. 253.
    Fan Y, Liu J-H, Lu H-T, Zhang Q (2011) Colloids Surf B 85:289–292Google Scholar
  254. 254.
    Vediappan K, Lee CW (2011) Curr Appl Phys 11:995–1000Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Amiri M, Pakdel Z, Bezaatpour A, Shahrokhian S (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 81:81–85Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Lu T-L, Tsai Y-C (2011) Sens Actuators B 153:439–444Google Scholar
  257. 257.
    Habibi B, Jahanbakhshi M, Pournaghi-Azar MH (2011) Anal Biochem 411:167–175Google Scholar
  258. 258.
    Samadi-Maybodi A, Nejad-Darzi SKH, Ilkhani H (2011) Anal Bioanal Electrochem 3:134–145Google Scholar
  259. 259.
    Patil RH, Hegde RN, Nandibewoor ST (2011) Colloids Surf B 83:133–138Google Scholar
  260. 260.
    Norouzi P, Ghaheri N (2011) Anal Bioanal Electrochem 3:87–101Google Scholar
  261. 261.
    Yildiz G, Aydoğmuş Z, Kauffmann JM (2013) Electroanalysis 25:1796–1802Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Ghadimi H, Tehrani RMA, Ali ASM, Mohamed N, Ab Ghani S (2013) Anal Chim Acta 765:70–76Google Scholar
  263. 263.
    Karadas N, Bozal-Palabiyik B, Uslu B, Ozkan SA (2013) Sens Actuators B 186:486–494Google Scholar
  264. 264.
    Sun W, Hu J (2013) J Anal Chem 68:694–699Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    Piech R, Paczosa-Bator B (2013) Cent Eur J Chem 11:736–741Google Scholar
  266. 266.
    Saxena S, Shrivastava R, Satsangee SP (2012) Maced J Chem Chem Eng 31:195–203Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Kreft GL, de Braga OC, Spinelli A (2012) Electrochim Acta 83:125–132Google Scholar
  268. 268.
    Wu G-H, Wu Y-F, Liu X-W, Rong M-C, Chen X-M, Chen X (2012) Anal Chim Acta 745:33–37Google Scholar
  269. 269.
    Malode SJ, Shetti NP, Nandibewoor ST (2012) Colloids Surf B 97:1–6Google Scholar
  270. 270.
    Zi L, Li J, Mao Y, Yang R, Qu L (2012) Electrochim Acta 78:434–439Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Li Y, Wu S, Luo P, Liu J, Song G, Zhang K, Ye B (2012) Anal Sci 28:497–502Google Scholar
  272. 272.
    Ziyatdinova GK, Giniyatova ER, Budnikov HC (2012) J Anal Chem 67:467–473Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Amare M, Admassie S (2012) Bull Chem Soc Ethiop 26:73–84Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Hu Y, Zhang Z, Li J, Zhang H, Luo L, Yao S (2012) Biosens Bioelectron 31:190–196Google Scholar
  275. 275.
    Farghali RA, Ahmed RA (2012) Int J Electrochem Sci 7:13008–13019Google Scholar
  276. 276.
    Sopha H, Hocevar SB, Pihlar B, Ogorevc B (2012) Electrochim Acta 60:274–277Google Scholar
  277. 277.
    Raoof JB, Baghayeri M, Ojani R (2012) Colloids Surf B 95:121–128Google Scholar
  278. 278.
    Keeley GP, McEvoy N, Nolan H, Kumar S, Rezvani E, Holzinger M, Cosnier S, Duesberg GS (2012) Anal Methods 4:2048–2053Google Scholar
  279. 279.
    Svorc L, Sochr J, Tomcik P, Rievaj M, Bustin D (2012) Electrochim Acta 68:227–234Google Scholar
  280. 280.
    Revin SB, John SA (2012) Analyst 137:209–215Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    Balasoiu S-C, Stefan-van Staden R-I, van Staden JF, Ion R-M, Radu G-L, Aboul-Enein HY (2011) Electrochim Acta 58:290–295Google Scholar
  282. 282.
    Kannan P, John SA (2011) Biosens Bioelectron 30:276–281Google Scholar
  283. 283.
    Suresh Babu R, Prabhu P, Sriman Narayanan S (2011) Colloids Surf B 88:755–763Google Scholar
  284. 284.
    Karimi-Maleh H, Keyvanfard M, Alizad K, Fouladgar M, Beitollahi H, Mokhtari A, Gholami-Orimi F (2011) Int J Electrochem Sci 6:6141–6150Google Scholar
  285. 285.
    Heli H, Yadegari H, Karimian K (2011) J Exp Nanosci 6:488–508Google Scholar
  286. 286.
    Kuralay F, Vural T, Bayram C, Denkbas EB, Abaci S (2011) Colloids Surf B 87:18–22Google Scholar
  287. 287.
    Liu X, Luo L, Ding Y, Ye D (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 82:38–45Google Scholar
  288. 288.
    Mbouguen JCK, Kenfack IT, Walcarius A, Ngameni E (2011) Talanta 85:754–762Google Scholar
  289. 289.
    Kalachar HCB, Arthoba Naik Y, Basavanna S, Viswanatha R, Venkatesha TG, Sheela T (2011) J Chem Pharm Res 3:530–539Google Scholar
  290. 290.
    Baś B, Jakubowska M, Górski L (2011) Talanta 84:1032–1037Google Scholar
  291. 291.
    Goyal RN, Rana ARS, Aziz MA, Oyama M (2011) Anal Chim Acta 693:35–40Google Scholar
  292. 292.
    Enache TA, Oliveira-Brett AM (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 81:46–52Google Scholar
  293. 293.
    El-Desoky HS, Ghoneim MM (2011) Talanta 84:223–234Google Scholar
  294. 294.
    da Silva IS, Araújo MFA, Ferreira HA, Varela JJG Jr, Tanaka SMCN, Tanaka AA, Angnes L (2011) Talanta 83:1701–1706Google Scholar
  295. 295.
    Lertanantawong B, O’Mullane AP, Zhang J, Surareungchai W, Somasundrum M, Bond AM (2009) Anal Chem 80:6515–6525Google Scholar
  296. 296.
    Silva FAS, da Silva MGA, Lima PR, Meneghetti MR, Kubota LT, Goulart MOF (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 50:202–209Google Scholar
  297. 297.
    Agin F, Karadas N, Uslu B, Ozkan SA (2013) Curr Pharm Anal 9:299–309Google Scholar
  298. 298.
    Jain A, Jain A, Jain A (2013) J Young Pharm 5:70–72Google Scholar
  299. 299.
    Altinöz S, Uyar B (2013) Anal Methods 5:5709–5716Google Scholar
  300. 300.
    Hoang VD, Huyen DT, Phuc PH (2013) J Anal Method Chem 2013, 367914Google Scholar
  301. 301.
    Hoang VD, Yen NT (2013) Trop J Pharm Res 12:783–790Google Scholar
  302. 302.
    Alarfaj NA (2013) J Anal Chem 68:335–340Google Scholar
  303. 303.
    Çelebier M, Süslü I, Altinöz S (2013) Anal Methods 5:1301–1306Google Scholar
  304. 304.
    Mandil H, Sakur AA, Alulu S (2012) Asian J Chem 24:2980–2984Google Scholar
  305. 305.
    Singh N (2012) Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 28:97–104Google Scholar
  306. 306.
    Ghoneim MM, Hassanein AM, Salahuddin NA, El-Desoky HS, Elfiky MN (2012) J Braz Chem Soc 23:1594–1605Google Scholar
  307. 307.
    Ramadan AA, Mandil H (2012) Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 4:255–261Google Scholar
  308. 308.
    Carvalho JM, Da Silva AR, Da Cunha ALMC, Aucélio RQ, Alberti ALM, Leandro KC (2012) Quim Nova 35:988–992Google Scholar
  309. 309.
    Al-Ghamdi AF, Hefnawy MM (2012) Arab J Chem 5:383–389Google Scholar
  310. 310.
    Al-Ghamdi AF, Hefnawy MM, Al-Majed AA, Belal FF (2012) Chem Cent J 6, 15Google Scholar
  311. 311.
    Rege PV, Sathe PA, Salvi VS (2011) Int J Pharm Res 3:9–12Google Scholar
  312. 312.
    Jugade R, Jeyaseelan C, Joshi AP (2011) Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res 11:38–41Google Scholar
  313. 313.
    Gandhi S, Mehta V, Rajput S (2011) Indian J Pharm Sci 73:583–586Google Scholar
  314. 314.
    Rohini Kumar PC, Balaji K, Pushpalatha M, Sridevi C, Suresh Reddy C (2011) Der Pharmacia Lettre 3:311–319Google Scholar
  315. 315.
    Choure R, Vaidja N, Pitre KS (2011) Rev Anal Chem 30:53–57Google Scholar
  316. 316.
    Ghoneim MM, El-Desoky HS, Abdel-Galeil MM (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 81:65–73Google Scholar
  317. 317.
    Taşkoparan Yilmaz Ü, Somer G (2011) Turk J Chem 35:201–213Google Scholar
  318. 318.
    Bernard V, Fojt L, Skorpikova J, Mornstein V (2011) Indian J Biochem Biophys 48:59–62Google Scholar
  319. 319.
    Ghoneim MM, El-Desoky HS, Abdel-Galeil MM (2011) Bioelectrochemistry 80:162–168Google Scholar
  320. 320.
    El-Desoky HS, Ghoneim MM, Habazy AD (2011) J Braz Chem Soc 22:239–247Google Scholar
  321. 321.
    Nageswara Reddy C, Reddy Prasad P, Sreedhar NY (2011) Int J PharmTech Res 3:1125–1131Google Scholar
  322. 322.
    Temerk YM, Kamal MM, Ibrahim MS, Ibrahim HSM, Schuhmann W (2011) Electroanalysis 23:1638–1644Google Scholar
  323. 323.
    Oliveira TMBF, Ribeiro FWP, Soares JES, De Lima-Neto P, Correia AN (2011) Anal Biochem 413:148–156Google Scholar
  324. 324.
    Ahmadi F, Ghasemi S, Rahimi-Nasrabadi M (2011) Collect Czech Chem Commun 76:371–382Google Scholar
  325. 325.
    Yola ML, Özaltın N (2011) Rev Chim 62:420–426Google Scholar
  326. 326.
    Zayed SIM (2011) Acta Chim Slov 58:75–80Google Scholar
  327. 327.
    Ramadan AA, Mandil H, Hafez B (2011) Asian J Chem 23:403–406Google Scholar
  328. 328.
    Jain R, Vikas, Rather JA (2011) Colloids Surf B 82:333–339Google Scholar
  329. 329.
    Ramadan AA, Mandil H (2010) Anal Biochem 404:1–7Google Scholar
  330. 330.
    Youssef RM, Maher HM (2010) Drug Test Anal 2:392–396Google Scholar
  331. 331.
    El-Enany N, El-Sherbiny D, Belal F (2010) Int J Biomed Sci 6:128–134Google Scholar
  332. 332.
    Gupta VK, Jain R, Jadon N, Radhapyari K (2010) J Colloid Interface Sci 350:330–335Google Scholar
  333. 333.
    Jain R, Gupta VK, Jadon N, Radhapyari K (2010) J Electroanal Chem 648:20–27Google Scholar
  334. 334.
    El-Desoky HS, Ghoneim MM, Abdel-Galeil MM (2010) J Braz Chem Soc 21:669–679Google Scholar
  335. 335.
    Jain R, Gupta VK, Jadon N, Radhapyari K (2010) Anal Biochem 407:79–88Google Scholar
  336. 336.
    Mandil H, Sakur AA, Alulu S (2010) Asian J Chem 22:2129–2135Google Scholar
  337. 337.
    Leandro KC, Moreira JC, Farias PAM (2010) Anal Lett 43:1951–1957Google Scholar
  338. 338.
    El-Desoky HS, Ghoneim MM, Abdel-Galeil MM (2010) Acta Chim Slov 57:332–340Google Scholar
  339. 339.
    Jain R, Yadav RK, Dwivedi A (2010) Colloids Surf A 359:25–30Google Scholar
  340. 340.
    Süslü I, Özaltın N, Altınöz S (2010) J AOAC Int 93:562–568Google Scholar
  341. 341.
    Gholivand MB, Khodadadian M, Majnooni MB, Bahrami G (2010) Anal Lett 43:269–279Google Scholar
  342. 342.
    Jeyaseelan C, Joshi AP (2009) Int J ChemTech Res 1:596–601Google Scholar
  343. 343.
    Jain R, Mishra R, Dwivedi A (2009) J Sci Ind Res India 68:945–950Google Scholar
  344. 344.
    El-Enany N, El-Brashy A, Belal F, El-Bahay N (2009) Port Electrochim Acta 27:113–125Google Scholar
  345. 345.
    Gartner P, Zschimmer K, Knoth H (2009) Pharmazie 64:371–375Google Scholar
  346. 346.
    Jain R, Mishra R, Dwivedi A (2009) J Sci Ind Res India 68:540–547Google Scholar
  347. 347.
    Jain R, Mishra R, Dwivedi A (2009) Colloids Surf A 337:74–79Google Scholar
  348. 348.
    Sheribah ZA, El-Brashy AM, El-Gamal RM (2009) J AOAC Int 92:419–427Google Scholar
  349. 349.
    Rajput SJ, Raj HA (2009) Indian J Pharm Sci 71:50–52Google Scholar
  350. 350.
    Biçer E, Çetinkaya P (2009) Croat Chem Acta 82:573–582Google Scholar
  351. 351.
    Skrzypek S, Nosal-Wiercinska A, Ciesielski W (2009) Collect Czech Chem Commun 74:1455–1466Google Scholar
  352. 352.
    Ghoneim EM, El-Attar MA, Ghoneim MM (2009) Chem Anal (Warsaw) 54:389–402Google Scholar
  353. 353.
    Bozal B, Doğan-Topal B, Uslu B, Özkan SA, Aboul-Enein HY (2009) Anal Lett 42:2322–2338Google Scholar
  354. 354.
    Ramadan AA, Mandil H, Genco T (2009) Asian J Chem 21:7387–7397Google Scholar
  355. 355.
    Alghamdi AH, Alghamdi AF, Alomar MA (2009) Port Electrochim Acta 27:645–655Google Scholar
  356. 356.
    Turan Ş, Durmuş Z, Kiliç E (2009) Curr Pharm Anal 5:416–423Google Scholar
  357. 357.
    Al-Ghamdi AF (2009) J Saudi Chem Soc 13:235–241Google Scholar
  358. 358.
    Süslü I, Özaltın N, Altınöz S (2009) J Appl Electrochem 39:1535–1543Google Scholar
  359. 359.
    Ensafi AA, Khayamian T, Taei M (2009) Talanta 78:942–948Google Scholar
  360. 360.
    El-Desoky HS, Beltagi AM, Ghoneim MM (2009) J AOAC Int 92:806–812Google Scholar
  361. 361.
    Zayed SIM, Issa YM (2009) Bioelectrochemistry 75:9–12Google Scholar
  362. 362.
    Ghoneim EM, El-Attar MA, Ghoneim MM (2009) J AOAC Int 92:597–603Google Scholar
  363. 363.
    Solangi AR, Mallah A, Khuhawar MY, Bhanger MI (2010) J Iran Chem Soc 6:71–76Google Scholar
  364. 364.
    Somer G, Doğan M (2008) Bioelectrochemistry 74:96–100Google Scholar
  365. 365.
    Ensafi AA, Hajian R (2008) Anal Sci 24:1449–1454Google Scholar
  366. 366.
    Korany MA, Hewala II, Abdel-Hay KM (2008) J AOAC Int 91:1051–1058Google Scholar
  367. 367.
    Alvarez-Lueje A, Brain-Isasi S, Nunez-Vergara LJ, Squella JA (2008) Talanta 75:691–696Google Scholar
  368. 368.
    El-Enany N, Belal F, Rizk M (2008) J Biochem Bioph Methods 70:889–896Google Scholar
  369. 369.
    Ghoneim MM, El-Desoky HS, El-Ries MA, Abd-Elaziz AM (2008) Chem Pap-Chem Zvesti 62:127–134Google Scholar
  370. 370.
    Haggag R, Belal S, Shaalan R (2008) Sci Pharm 76:33–48Google Scholar
  371. 371.
    Jain R, Dwivedi A, Mishra R (2008) J Colloid Interface Sci 318:296–301Google Scholar
  372. 372.
    El-Sherbiny D, El-Enany N, Belal F (2008) Anal Lett 41:806–821Google Scholar
  373. 373.
    Dogan B, Uslu B, Ozkan SA, Zuman P (2008) Anal Chem 80:209–216Google Scholar
  374. 374.
    Ghoneim MM, El-Attar MA (2008) Chem Anal (Warsaw) 53:689–702Google Scholar
  375. 375.
    Nigovic B, Komorsky-Lovric S, Devcic D (2008) Croat Chem Acta 81:453–459Google Scholar
  376. 376.
    Süslü I, Altınöz S (2008) Pharmazie 63:428–433Google Scholar
  377. 377.
    Habib IHI, Weshahy SA, Toubar S, El-Alamin MMA (2008) Pharm Chem J 42:438–442Google Scholar
  378. 378.
    Habib IHI, Weshahy SA, Toubar S, El-Alamin MMA (2008) Port Electrochim Acta 26:315–324Google Scholar
  379. 379.
    Fernández-Torres R, Villar Navarro M, Bello López MA, Callejón Mochón M, Jiménez Sánchez JC (2008) Talanta 77:241–248Google Scholar
  380. 380.
    Neves MMPS, Nouws HPA, Delerue-Matos C (2008) Anal Lett 41:2794–2804Google Scholar
  381. 381.
    Alghamdi AH (2008) Chem Pap-Chem Zvesti 62:339–344Google Scholar
  382. 382.
    Ensafi AA, Hajian R (2008) J Braz Chem Soc 19:405–412Google Scholar
  383. 383.
    Habib IHI, Weshahy SA, Toubar SS, El-Alamin MMA (2008) Pharmazie 63:337–341Google Scholar
  384. 384.
    Al-Ghamdi AH, Al-Ghamdi AF, Al-Omar MA (2008) Anal Lett 41:90–103Google Scholar
  385. 385.
    Ramadan AA, Mandil H, Hafez B (2013) Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 5:434–440Google Scholar
  386. 386.
    Sun W, Zhang Y, Ju X, Zhan T (2013) J Indian Chem Soc 90:891–895Google Scholar
  387. 387.
    Ahuja S, Scypinski S (eds) (2001) Handbook of modern pharmaceutical analysis, vol 3. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  388. 388.
    Wang L-H, Liu H-H (2013) Curr Anal Chem 9:143–149Google Scholar
  389. 389.
    Zaater MF, Tahboub YR, Ghanem E (2012) J Chromatogr Sci 50:763–768Google Scholar
  390. 390.
    Yosypchuk O, Barek J, Vyskocil V (2012) Anal Bioanal Chem 404:693–699Google Scholar
  391. 391.
    Squellerio I, Caruso D, Porro B, Veglia F, Tremoli E, Cavalca V (2012) J Pharm Biomed Anal 71:111–118Google Scholar
  392. 392.
    Liu L, Li S, Chen Z (2012) J Pharm Biomed Anal 61:252–255Google Scholar
  393. 393.
    Liu L, Chen Z (2012) Anal Chim Acta 737:99–104Google Scholar
  394. 394.
    Bartosova Z, Riman D, Jakubec P, Halouzka V, Hrbac J, Jirovsky D (2012) Sci World J 2012, 295802Google Scholar
  395. 395.
    Liu L, Chen Y, Zhang Y, Wang F, Chen Z (2011) Biomed Chromatogr 25:938–942Google Scholar
  396. 396.
    Li Y, Wang F, Chen Z (2011) J Sep Sci 34:514–519Google Scholar
  397. 397.
    Khan A, Khan MI, Iqbal Z, Shah Y, Ahmad L, Nazir S, Watson DG, Khan JA, Nasir F, Khan A (2011) Talanta 84:789–801Google Scholar
  398. 398.
    Khan A, Iqbal Z, Watson DG, Khan A, Khan I, Muhammad N, Muhammad S, Nasib HA, Iqbal N, Faiz-ur-Rehman, Kashif M (2011) J Chromatogr B 879:1725–1731Google Scholar
  399. 399.
    Khamanga SM, Walker RB (2011) Talanta 83:1037–1049Google Scholar
  400. 400.
    Hojo K, Hakamata H, Kusu F (2011) J Chromatogr B 879:751–755Google Scholar
  401. 401.
    Bugamelli F, Marcheselli C, Barba E, Raggi MA (2011) J Pharm Biomed Anal 54:562–567Google Scholar
  402. 402.
    Bartošová Z, Jirovský D, Horna A (2011) J Chromatogr A 1218:7996–8001Google Scholar
  403. 403.
    Kato D, Komoriya M, Nakamoto K, Kurita R, Hirono S, Niwa O (2011) Anal Sci 27:703–707Google Scholar
  404. 404.
    Khan A, Khan MI, Iqbal Z, Ahmad L, Shah Y, Watson DG (2010) J Chromatogr B 878:2782–2788Google Scholar
  405. 405.
    Hubbard KE, Wells A, Owens TS, Tagen M, Fraga CH, Stewart CF (2010) Biomed Chromatogr 24:626–631Google Scholar
  406. 406.
    Chan SW, Lin G, Yamamoto K, Yew DTW, Rudd JA (2010) J Pharm Biomed Anal 53:705–709Google Scholar
  407. 407.
    Caceres MIR, Cabanillas AG, Diaz TG, Canas MAM (2010) J Chromatogr B 878:398–402Google Scholar
  408. 408.
    Park HJ, Mah E, Bruno RS (2010) Anal Biochem 407:151–159Google Scholar
  409. 409.
    Ito N, Hakamata H, Kusu F (2010) Anal Methods 2:174–179Google Scholar
  410. 410.
    Pashkova E, Pirogov A, Bendryshev A, Ivanaynen E, Shpigun O (2009) J Pharm Biomed Anal 50:671–674Google Scholar
  411. 411.
    Locatelli I, Mrhar A, Grabnar I (2009) J Pharm Biomed Anal 50:905–910Google Scholar
  412. 412.
    Li X, Franke AA (2009) J Chromatogr B 877:853–856Google Scholar
  413. 413.
    Kotani A, Miyaguchi Y, Kohama M, Ohtsuka T, Shiratori T, Kusu F (2009) Anal Sci 25:1007–1011Google Scholar
  414. 414.
    Chiu MH, Yang HH, Liu CH, Zen JM (2009) J Chromatogr B 877:991–994Google Scholar
  415. 415.
    Andrade LS, de Moraes MC, Rocha-Filho RC, Fatibello-Filho O, Cass QB (2009) Anal Chim Acta 654:127–132Google Scholar
  416. 416.
    Zhang X, Zhang D-q (2009) Liaoning Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao 11:255–257Google Scholar
  417. 417.
    Marszałł ML, Lebiedzińska A, Czarnowski W, Makarowski R, Kłos M, Szefer P (2009) J Chromatogr B 877:3151–3158Google Scholar
  418. 418.
    Brajanoski G, Hoogmartens J, Allegaert K, Adams E (2008) J Chromatogr B 867:149–152Google Scholar
  419. 419.
    Gu Y, Li Q, Melendez V, Weina P (2008) J Chromatogr B 867:213–218Google Scholar
  420. 420.
    Jia P, Wang S, Meng X, Lan W, Luo J, Liao S, Xiao C, Zheng X, Li L, Liu Q, Zheng J, Zhou Y, Zheng X (2013) Talanta 107:103–110Google Scholar
  421. 421.
    Zhou Y, Yan H, Xie Q, Huang S, Liu J, Li Z, Ma M, Yao S (2013) Analyst 138:7246–7253Google Scholar
  422. 422.
    Birbeck JA, Mathews TA (2013) Anal Chem 85:7398–7404Google Scholar
  423. 423.
    Shintani H (2013) Pharmaceut Anal Acta 4:207. doi: 10.4172/2153-2435.1000207 Google Scholar
  424. 424.
    Fotouhi L, Atoofi Z, Heravi MM (2013) Talanta 103:194–200Google Scholar
  425. 425.
    Asturias-Arribas L, Alonso-Lomillo MA, Domínguez-Renedo O, Arcos-Martínez MJ (2013) Talanta 111:8–12Google Scholar
  426. 426.
    Ensafi AA, Heydari-Bafrooei E, Rezaei B (2013) Biosens Bioelectron 41:627–633Google Scholar
  427. 427.
    Canbay E, Akyilmaz E (2014) Anal Biochem 444:8–15Google Scholar
  428. 428.
    Huang Q, Zhang H, Hu S, Li F, Weng W, Chen J, Wang Q, Bao X (2014) Biosens Bioelectron 52:277–280Google Scholar
  429. 429.
    Baj-Rossi C, Jost TR, Cavallini A, Grassi F, De Micheli G, Carrara S (2014) Biosens Bioelectron 53:283–287Google Scholar
  430. 430.
    Marco JP, Borges KB, Tarley CRT, Ribeiro ES, Pereira AC (2013) Sens Actuators B 177:251–259Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sibel A. Ozkan
    • 1
  • Jean-Michel Kauffmann
    • 2
  • Petr Zuman
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmacy Department of Analytical ChemistryAnkara UniversityTandogan, AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of PharmacyUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular ScienceClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

Personalised recommendations