Provoking Factors for Aggravation of Congenital Vascular Malformation



Congenital vascular malformations, which represent developmental abnormalities of vascular or development, may affect capillaries, veins, arteries, lymphatics, or any combination of these vascular channels. Characteristically, these lesions “grow in parallel with the growth of the patient.” However, there are certain scenarios in which the vascular malformation can be “aggravated,” generating unwanted symptoms and potential complications. Inciting factors include time, trauma, hormonal changes (puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy), infection, thromboses, and surgical intervention. Unwanted associated symptoms include thromboses, bleeding, inflammation, increased size of lesions, functional impairment, tissue hypertrophy, hypertrophic nodules, pathologic fracture, and other morbidities.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northwell Health SystemLenox Hill HospitalNew YorkUSA

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