Strategy in Pediatric Patients
Appropriate care of the pediatric vascular anomaly patient is multidisciplinary and requires a correct understanding of the vascular tumors or malformations encountered, as well as an in-depth knowledge of the pediatric physiology. The vascular anomalies specialist must be aware of the unique issues inherent in providing medical care for neonates, infants, and children identifying the relationship between developmental stages and age-appropriate interventions in order to avoid potential complications. As an example, average blood volume ranges, in relation to age, from 100 ml/kg in premature babies to 70 ml/kg in adolescents, while normal heart rate is 160 bpm at 1 month of life and 80 bpm at puberty.
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