General Overview



Congenital vascular malformations (CVMs) remain a significant clinical challenge due to the nature and complexity of the vascular lesions encountered in clinical practice [1, 2]. CVMs are often confused with hemangiomas [3]. The term “hemangioma” is commonly used to name different types of vascular tumors and vascular malformations, despite the fact that these vascular anomalies are distinct vascular lesions. CVMs and hemangiomas not only have different etiologies, anatomy, and pathophysiology, but they also exhibit unique hemodynamic and embryologic characteristics [2–6]. Both of these vascular anomalies have entirely different clinical courses and long-term prognoses. Furthermore, the management strategies of both conditions are fundamentally different [2–6].


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of SurgeryGeorge Washington University Medical CenterWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Center for the Lymphedema and Vascular MalformationsGeorge Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Uniformed ServicesUniversity of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA

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