The Optimal Distribution Strategy of BeiDou Monitoring Stations for GEO Precise Orbit Determination

  • Longping ZhangEmail author
  • Yamin Dang
  • Shuqiang Xue
  • Hu Wang
  • Shouzhou Gu
  • Chuanyang Wang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 340)


The accuracy of BeiDou GEO satellites precise orbit determination is poor. In addition to high altitude and constant position, the monitoring stations distribution is also an important factor of GEO satellites orbit determination. Firstly, the basic principle of geometry orbit determination is introduced and the observation equation is linearized in this paper. Secondly, The GDOP value is parameterized by using orthogonal trigonometric functions. Thirdly, the relationship between stations distribution and the accuracy of precise orbit determination is analyzed according to nested cones. Finally, the simulation experiments are carried out, and a kind of the optimal solution is concluded.


GEO Nested cones GDOP Monitoring stations distribution 



This study is funded by the National Natural Science Fund (41404034) and the International GNSS Monitoring and Assessment System (GFZX0301040308-06). This work is also supported by the national science and technology supporting plan (2012BAB16B01), the fundamental research funds of Chinese Academy of Surveying and mapping (7771405/7771416)and the Key Laboratory of Surveying and Mapping Technology on Island and Reef, National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinfomation (2013B01).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Longping Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yamin Dang
    • 2
  • Shuqiang Xue
    • 2
  • Hu Wang
    • 2
  • Shouzhou Gu
    • 2
  • Chuanyang Wang
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.Shandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Chinese Academy of Surveying and MappingBeijingChina

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