Sports Injuries of the Ankle

  • J. L. TolEmail author
  • P. D’Hooghe
  • G. M. Kerkhoffs


The ankle is one of the most frequently injured joints in sports. Acute ligament injuries can be differentiated in lateral ligaments, medial ligaments and syndesmotic injuries. These acute injuries might lead to chronic articular injuries like anterior and posterior impingement, osteochondral defects of the talus and sinus tarsi syndrome.

Acute and chronic tendon injuries can be differentiated to posteromedial injuries (flexor hallucis longus, plantaris tendon and tibial posterior tendon injuries) and posterolateral injuries of the peroneal tendons. The most frequently posteriorly located injury is however the centrally located Achilles tendon. Understanding of the anatomy, injury mechanism is essential to provide optimal clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic care.


Achilles Tendon Ankle Sprain Subtalar Joint Peroneal Tendon Flexor Hallucis Longus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.





Chronic ankle instability


Calcitonin gene-related peptide


Flexor hallucis longus




Mechanical instability


Osteochondral lesion of the talus


Rest, ice, compression and elevation


Range of motion


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sports MedicineAspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine HospitalDohaQatar
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryAspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine HospitalDohaQatar
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryAcademic Medical CentreAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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