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Radiologic Imaging of Knee Injuries

  • Pieter Van DyckEmail author
  • Damien Desbuquoit
  • Jan L. M. A. Gielen
  • Paul M. Parizel

Abstract

Many advances have been made in knee imaging, particularly in the field of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Today, MRI of the knee is the most frequently requested MR examination of the musculoskeletal system. It is common practice to acquire an MRI after clinical examination and radiographs in the workup of suspected knee derangement. Frequently, it is the definitive examination, providing critical information regarding the decision to treat conservatively or surgically. These factors have led to the wide acceptance by the clinical community of MR knee studies as a noninvasive replacement for diagnostic arthroscopy.

In this chapter, the spectrum of imaging modalities that are commonly used in the knee will be described first. Second, the most common knee disorders will be discussed, emphasizing the role of MRI.

Keywords

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Articular Cartilage Posterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Medial Collateral Ligament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

2D

Two-dimensional

3D

Three-dimensional

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament

BME

Bone marrow edema

CR

Conventional radiography

CT

Computed tomography

DEFT

Driven equilibrium Fourier transform

DESS

Double echo steady state

DF

Distance factor

EFOVS

Extended field-of-view ultrasound

ETL

Echo-train length

FLASH

Fast low-angle shot

FOV

Field of view

FS

Fat suppression

GRE

Gradient-recalled echo

ITBS

Iliotibial band friction syndrome

IW

Intermediate-weighted

MCL

Medial collateral ligament

MPR

Multiplanar reformat

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

PAES

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

PAT

Parallel acquisition technique

PCL

Posterior cruciate ligament

PD-WI

Proton density-weighted imaging

PLC

Posterolateral complex

PS

Pellegrini-Stieda

SNR

Signal-to-noise ratio

SPACE

Sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions

SSFP

Steady-state free precession

ST

Slice thickness

T

Tesla

TA

Acquisition time

TE

Time to echo

TF

Turbo factor

TR

Repetition time

TSE

Turbo spin-echo

US

Ultrasound

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter Van Dyck
    • 1
    Email author
  • Damien Desbuquoit
    • 1
  • Jan L. M. A. Gielen
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Paul M. Parizel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAntwerp University Hospital, University of AntwerpEdegem, AntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyAntwerp University HospitalEdegemBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Sports MedicineAntwerp University HospitalEdegemBelgium
  4. 4.Department of MedicineAntwerp UniversityEdegemBelgium

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