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Abstract

The knee is one of the body parts most often injured. Sports, falls, and motor vehicle accidents account for the vast majority of injuries to the knee.

The different types of injuries to the knee are defined by the affected anatomy of the knee and the mechanism by which it is injured.

This chapter gives a non-exhausting overview of common injuries both acute and chronic to the knee joint.

Although bony lesions or fractures are more spectacular, most of the injuries around the knee joint affect the soft tissue envelope. This envelope offers a precious system balancing the joint during most of our activities.

However, good knowledge of the functional anatomy remains of utmost importance for the clinician to come to a correct diagnosis.

Keywords

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior Cruciate Ligament Medial Collateral Ligament Popliteal Artery Anterior Knee Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament

AP

Anteroposterior

ELPS

Excessive lateral pressure syndrome

ITB

Iliotibial band

LCL

Lateral collateral ligament

MCL

Medial collateral ligament

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

OSD

Osgood-Schlatter disease

PAES

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

PFM

Patellofemoral malalignment

PFPS

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

PCL

Posterior cruciate ligament

US

Ultrasound

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic Surgery and TraumatologyUniversity Hospital Pellenberg, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenPellenbergBelgium
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering Science, Biomechanics SectionKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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