The knee is one of the body parts most often injured. Sports, falls, and motor vehicle accidents account for the vast majority of injuries to the knee.

The different types of injuries to the knee are defined by the affected anatomy of the knee and the mechanism by which it is injured.

This chapter gives a non-exhausting overview of common injuries both acute and chronic to the knee joint.

Although bony lesions or fractures are more spectacular, most of the injuries around the knee joint affect the soft tissue envelope. This envelope offers a precious system balancing the joint during most of our activities.

However, good knowledge of the functional anatomy remains of utmost importance for the clinician to come to a correct diagnosis.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior Cruciate Ligament Medial Collateral Ligament Popliteal Artery Anterior Knee Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Anterior cruciate ligament




Excessive lateral pressure syndrome


Iliotibial band


Lateral collateral ligament


Medial collateral ligament


Magnetic resonance imaging


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug


Osgood-Schlatter disease


Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome


Patellofemoral malalignment


Patellofemoral pain syndrome


Posterior cruciate ligament




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic Surgery and TraumatologyUniversity Hospital Pellenberg, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenPellenbergBelgium
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering Science, Biomechanics SectionKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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