Nuclear Medicine Imaging of Spine Injuries

  • Fathinul Fikri Ahmad SaadEmail author
  • Mohammad Nazri Md Shah
  • Abdul Jalil Nordin


Modern sports activities are associated with a high incidence of spine pain. Generally, the injuries seen are classified to their time of onset or specific injuries related to the vulnerable skeletal locations. Spinal fracture is fortunately very rare for incidences that are associated in contact sports activities. Prevention of spinal injuries and early diagnosis are the first priorities since delayed diagnosis may cause structural instability and early osteoarthritis or abnormal bony maturity. When plain radiographs of a patient with persistent symptoms reveal negative findings, a bone scan with single-photon emission computed tomography, computerised tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging scan can be performed. Nuclear medicine imaging techniques, encompassing the visualisation and characterisation of biological processes at the molecular and cellular level, are useful techniques in localising the site of spinal injuries which are inconspicuous on the structural conventional imaging techniques.


Lower Back Pain Nucleus Pulposus Bone Scintigraphy Spinal Stenosis Overuse Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Computed tomography

Ga (GS)



Gallium scan


Hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime


That is




Low back pain


Methyl diphosphonate


Multiple image projection


Magnetic resonance imaging


Superior articular process


Single-photon emission computed tomography




White blood cells


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fathinul Fikri Ahmad Saad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Nazri Md Shah
    • 2
  • Abdul Jalil Nordin
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Diagnostic Nuclear ImagingUniversity Putra MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine BuildingUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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