Sports and exercise medicine deals with the medical care of the exercising individual. Strong evidence shows that physical inactivity increases the risk of many adverse health conditions, including major noncommunicable diseases such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancers and shortens life expectancy. Therefore, exercise is increasingly prescribed by physicians and promoted through government-based health campaigns to prevent the morbidity and mortality caused by inactivity. A side effect is an increasing number of sports- and exercise-related injuries. For optimal management of these conditions, often imaging is necessary to establish a precise diagnosis from the start and to plan the best treatment and rehabilitation strategy.

Dealing with elite athletes, often under time pressure for the next game or an upcoming tournament, poses specific challenges to the medical personnel involved. Good communication between the sports medicine physician and imaging specialist, exchange of relevant information and adequate knowledge of musculoskeletal imaging, and some feeling for what is going on in the athlete are important factors for optimal management.


Elite Sport Good Medical Practice Adverse Health Condition Sport Medicine Physician Inactive People 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Center for Sport, Exercise and Health, Center for Sports Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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