Advertisement

Abstract

Sports and exercise medicine deals with the medical care of the exercising individual. Strong evidence shows that physical inactivity increases the risk of many adverse health conditions, including major noncommunicable diseases such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancers and shortens life expectancy. Therefore, exercise is increasingly prescribed by physicians and promoted through government-based health campaigns to prevent the morbidity and mortality caused by inactivity. A side effect is an increasing number of sports- and exercise-related injuries. For optimal management of these conditions, often imaging is necessary to establish a precise diagnosis from the start and to plan the best treatment and rehabilitation strategy.

Dealing with elite athletes, often under time pressure for the next game or an upcoming tournament, poses specific challenges to the medical personnel involved. Good communication between the sports medicine physician and imaging specialist, exchange of relevant information and adequate knowledge of musculoskeletal imaging, and some feeling for what is going on in the athlete are important factors for optimal management.

Keywords

Elite Sport Good Medical Practice Adverse Health Condition Sport Medicine Physician Inactive People 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Coris EE, Zwygart K, Fletcher M, Pescasio M (2009) Imaging in sports medicine: an overview. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 17(1):2–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Haskell WL, Lee IM, Pate RR, Powell KE, Blair SN, Franklin BA et al (2007) Physical activity and public health: Updated recommendation for adults from the american college of sports medicine and the american heart association. Med Sci Sports Exerc 39(8):1423–1434CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Heath GW, Parra DC, Sarmiento OL, Andersen LB, Owen N, Goenka S et al (2012) Evidence-based intervention in physical activity: lessons from around the world. Lancet 380(9838):272–281CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hootman JM, Macera CA, Ainsworth BE, Addy CL, Martin M, Blair SN (2002) Epidemiology of musculoskeletal injuries among sedentary and physically active adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 34(5):838–844CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kohl HW 3rd, Craig CL, Lambert EV, Inoue S, Alkandari JR, Leetongin G et al (2012) The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health. Lancet 380(9838):294–305CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN, Katzmarzyk PT et al (2012) Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet 380(9838):219–229PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Matheson GO, Klugl M, Dvorak J, Engebretsen L, Meeuwisse WH, Schwellnus M et al (2011) Responsibility of sport and exercise medicine in preventing and managing chronic disease: applying our knowledge and skill is overdue. Br J Sports Med 45(16):1272–1282CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Matheson GO, Klugl M, Engebretsen L, Bendiksen F, Blair SN, Borjesson M et al (2013) Prevention and management of non-communicable disease: the IOC consensus statement, lausanne 2013. Sports Med (Auckland, NZ) 43(11):1075–1088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. McCurdie I (2012) Imaging in sport and exercise medicine: “a sports physician’s outlook and needs”. Br J Radiol 85(1016):1198–1200PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Raza K, Lee CY, Pilling D, Heaton S, Situnayake RD, Carruthers DM et al (2003) Ultrasound guidance allows accurate needle placement and aspiration from small joints in patients with early inflammatory arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 42(8):976–979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sallis RE (2009) Exercise is medicine and physicians need to prescribe it! Br J Sports Med 43(1):3–4CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Shephard RJ (2003) Can we afford to exercise, given current injury rates? Inj Prev 9(2):99–100PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Sibbitt WL Jr, Peisajovich A, Michael AA, Park KS, Sibbitt RR, Band PA et al (2009) Does sonographic needle guidance affect the clinical outcome of intraarticular injections? J Rheumatol 36(9):1892–1902CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Center for Sport, Exercise and Health, Center for Sports Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations