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Deep-Inelastic Scattering

  • Bogdan Povh
  • Klaus Rith
  • Christoph Scholz
  • Frank Zetsche
  • Werner Rodejohann
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)

Abstract

In the present chapter we will discuss deep-inelastic scattering of charged leptons off nucleons and demonstrate that the nucleons are not fundamental particles but that they have a substructure of point-like quarks and gluons, as described by the quark-parton model. The deep-inelastic cross-section is proportional to a combination of two structure functions, F 1, 2, that are weighted sums of quark-momentum distributions of the various flavours and depend only weakly on the momentum transfer. Suitable combinations of data from hydrogen and deuterium targets allow conclusions about quark properties like spin, fractional quark charges and the contribution of quarks to the nucleon’s momentum.

Keywords

Structure Function Valence Quark Parton Model Proton Structure Function Quark Charge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Povh
    • 1
  • Klaus Rith
    • 2
  • Christoph Scholz
    • 3
  • Frank Zetsche
    • 4
  • Werner Rodejohann
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department PhysikUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.SAP AGWalldorfGermany
  4. 4.DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbHLangenGermany

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