Geometric Shapes of Nuclei

  • Bogdan Povh
  • Klaus Rith
  • Christoph Scholz
  • Frank Zetsche
  • Werner Rodejohann
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)


In this chapter we shall study nuclear sizes and shapes by means of elastic electron-nucleus scattering. Electron scattering is particularly valuable for investigating small objects. The electromagnetic interaction between an electron and a nucleus may be very accurately calculated. As far as we know electrons are point-like objects without any internal structure and, therefore, the cross-section reflects only the structure of the target. It contains the square of the nuclear form factor that can be interpreted as the Fourier transform of the nucleus’ spatial charge distribution. The connection between various charge distributions and form factors is discussed. Examples of such measurements are presented.


Form Factor Charge Distribution Momentum Transfer Elastic Scattering Electron Scattering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    J.B. Bellicard et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 527 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Friedrich, N. Vögler, Nucl. Phys. A373, 192 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Gottfried, V.F. Weisskopf, Concepts of Particle Physics, vol. 2 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Hofstadter, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 7, 231 (1957)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Sick et al., Phys. Lett. B88, 245 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Povh
    • 1
  • Klaus Rith
    • 2
  • Christoph Scholz
    • 3
  • Frank Zetsche
    • 4
  • Werner Rodejohann
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department PhysikUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.SAP AGWalldorfGermany
  4. 4.DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbHLangenGermany

Personalised recommendations