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Nuclear Stability

  • Bogdan Povh
  • Klaus Rith
  • Christoph Scholz
  • Frank Zetsche
  • Werner Rodejohann
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)

Abstract

Stable nuclei only occur in a very narrow band in the Z - N plane. All other nuclei are unstable and decay spontaneously in various ways discussed in this chapter. In β-decay, a weak interaction process, a neutron (proton) is converted into a proton (neutron); α-decay is the emission of a4He nucleus; spontaneous nuclear fission of a nucleus can happen if the nuclei are very heavy while induced nuclear fission may be caused by the injection of a low energy neutron into a heavy nucleus; excited nuclear states produced in such reactions may decay electromagnetically by photon emission.

Keywords

Heavy Nucleus Neutron Capture Beta Decay Daughter Nucleus Giant Dipole Resonance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Bohr, B.R. Mottelson, Nuclear Structure (Benjamin, New York, 1969)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.M. Lederer, V.S. Shirley, Table of Isotopes, 7th edn. (Wiley, New York, 1978)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Particle Data Group, J. Beringer et al., Review of particle properties. Phys. Rev. D 86, 010001 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Segrè, Nuclei and Particles (Benjamin, New York, 1977)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Povh
    • 1
  • Klaus Rith
    • 2
  • Christoph Scholz
    • 3
  • Frank Zetsche
    • 4
  • Werner Rodejohann
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department PhysikUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.SAP AGWalldorfGermany
  4. 4.DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbHLangenGermany

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