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Global Properties of Nuclei

  • Bogdan Povh
  • Klaus Rith
  • Christoph Scholz
  • Frank Zetsche
  • Werner Rodejohann
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)

Abstract

Atoms are composed of electrons and the atomic nucleus with proton and neutron as its constituents. The discoveries of these building blocks are briefly reviewed and the quantities characterising the atomic nucleus are defined. The methods of mass spectrometry and of nuclear reactions that are frequently used for a precise determination of atomic masses are presented and the parametrisation of nuclear binding energies as a function of mass number by the semi-empirical Weizsäcker mass formula is discussed. Furthermore, the concept of isospin symmetry is introduced to interpret the charge independence of the nuclear force.

Keywords

Atomic Nucleus Mass Number Nuclear Force Mass Formula Neutron Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Povh
    • 1
  • Klaus Rith
    • 2
  • Christoph Scholz
    • 3
  • Frank Zetsche
    • 4
  • Werner Rodejohann
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department PhysikUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.SAP AGWalldorfGermany
  4. 4.DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbHLangenGermany

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