4 Pezizomycotina: Lecanoromycetes

  • Cécile GueidanEmail author
  • David J. Hill
  • Jolanta Miadlikowska
  • Francois Lutzoni
Part of the The Mycota book series (MYCOTA, volume 7B)


Lecanoromycetes is the class of Ascomycota with the largest number of lichen-forming fungi. Members of this class are important components of most terrestrial ecosystems and occur in various habitats and on different substrates, from tropical to polar regions. Morphological, anatomical, and chemical characters have traditionally been used to classify orders, families, and genera within Lecanoromycetes. In the last two decades, molecular phylogenies have shown that traditional classification systems were not always consistent with the evolutionary history of this fungal class, resulting in changes in the delimitation of orders and families. Here, we revisit the taxonomic value of the main characters traditionally used for classification in light of current molecular phylogenies. The current delimitation of the 14 orders of Lecanoromycetes is also discussed, and recent changes in classification are highlighted.


Molecular Phylogenetic Study Recent Molecular Study Ocular Chamber Fruticose Lichen Lichenized Fungus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Thanks to Armando Mendez and Andrea Hart (Botany Library, Natural History Museum) for their help in locating and providing the required literature.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cécile Gueidan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • David J. Hill
    • 3
  • Jolanta Miadlikowska
    • 4
  • Francois Lutzoni
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Life SciencesThe Natural History MuseumLondonUK
  2. 2.CSIRO, NRCA, Australian National HerbariumCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  4. 4.Department of BiologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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