Transition of Occupational and Social Stratum and Innovation of the Social Management System

  • Peilin Li
Part of the China Insights book series (CHINAIN)


Since 1978, the structure of social stratum had undergone dramatic changes due to the development of Reform and Opening Up in China. In order to categorize classes or strata, scholars adopted various criteria such as income, consumption levels or consumption styles, and occupations or occupational prestige. Each adopted criterion for class/stratum categorization has significance in each area of research interest and was helpful for in-depth analysis of relevant issues (Li Chunling 2005). However, social strata being categorized by occupational types have become a prevalent method in academia (Li Peiling 2004). Occupations included index of occupied and used socioeconomic resources information. Changes in occupational status influenced and restructured the occupational structure and further led to the transition in the structure of social stratum.


Labor Market Migrant Worker Service Industry Office Worker Mass Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. S. Bagchi-Sen, Structural determinants of occupational shifts for males and females in the U.S. labor market. Prof. Geogr. 47 (1995)Google Scholar
  2. Y. Bian, Chinese social stratification and social mobility. Annu. Rev. Sociol. 28 (2002)Google Scholar
  3. Bian Yanjie, Li Lulu, Hao Dahai, Structural barriers, transitioning system and resource storage. China. Soc. Sci. 5 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. P.M. Blau, O.D. Duncan, The American Occupational Structure (Wiley, New York, 1967)Google Scholar
  5. G. Carlsson, Social Mobility and Class Structure (Gleerups, Lund, 1958)Google Scholar
  6. Emile Durkheim, The Division of Labor in Society, trans. by Qu Jingdong (Joint Publishing Company, Beijing, 2000)Google Scholar
  7. Gao Baowang et al., Twice census statistics caliber changes in the process of urbanization in urban and rural areas of the city Chongqing (《两次人口普查城乡统计口径变化对重庆市城镇化进程的影响》). Populat. Res. 1 (2002)Google Scholar
  8. D.V. Glass, Social Mobility in Britain (Routledge/Kegan Paul, London, 1954)Google Scholar
  9. J.H. Goldthorpe, Social Mobility and Class Structure in Modern Britain, 2nd edn. (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1987)Google Scholar
  10. Guo Yuqiang, Study on Transition of Chinese Occupational Structure (Capital University of Economics and Business Press, Beijing, 2009)Google Scholar
  11. R. Hodson, Workers’ Earnings and Corporate Economic Structure (Academic Press, New York, 1983)Google Scholar
  12. J.O. Jonsson, D.B. Grusky, Matthew Di Carlo, R. Pollak, M.C. Brinton, Micro-class mobility: social reproduction in four countries. Am. J. Sociol. 114(4) (2009)Google Scholar
  13. Lai Desheng, Discussion on systematic division of labor market. Econ. Sci. 6 (1996)Google Scholar
  14. Li Chunling, Cleavage and Fragment: An Empirical Analysis on the Social Stratification of the Contemporary China (Social Science Academic Press, Beijing, 2005)Google Scholar
  15. Li Lulu, System transition and transformation of stratified structure. Chin. Soc. Sci. 6 (2002a)Google Scholar
  16. Li Lulu, Changes of institutional transition and hierarchical structure – “Double reproduction” of the class relative relational schema (《制度转型与分层结构的变迁——阶层相对关系模式的“双重再生产”》. Soc. Sci. China 6 (2002b)Google Scholar
  17. Li Peilin, Social Conflicts and Class Consciousness: Study of Contemporary Chinese Social Contradictions (《社会冲突与阶级意识:当代中国社会矛盾问题研究》) (Social Science Academic Press, Beijing, 2005)Google Scholar
  18. Li Qiang, Reversed-T shape social structure and social tension. Sociol Stud 3 (2005)Google Scholar
  19. Li Qiang, Social structure in the form of “⊥” and the tension caused by it《倒“丁”字社会结构与结构紧张》. Sociol. Stud. 3 (2008)Google Scholar
  20. Lu Xueyi, Research Report on Contemporary Chinese Social Stratum (Social Science Academic Press, 2002)Google Scholar
  21. M. Piore, Historical Perspectives and the Interpretation of Unemployment. J. Econ. Lit. 25(4) (1987)Google Scholar
  22. Qiu Liping, Gu Hui, Production of social structure and classes. Society 2 (2007)Google Scholar
  23. K. Svalastoga, Prestige, Class, and Mobility (Gyldendal, Copenhagen, 1959)Google Scholar
  24. I. Szelenyi, E. Kostello, The market transition debate: toward a synthesis? Am. J. Sociol. 101(4) (1996)Google Scholar
  25. K.A. Weeden, D.B. Grusky, The case for a new class map. Am. J. Sociol. 111 (2005)Google Scholar
  26. M.K. Whyte, W.L. Parish, Urban Life in Contemporary China (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1984)Google Scholar
  27. Zhang Yi, Attainment of social status of the Chinese – Class inheritance and flow within a generation (《中国人社会地位的获得——阶级继承与代内流动》). Sociol. Stud. 4 (2004)Google Scholar
  28. Zhang Yi, Research on trends of Chinese social class structure changes – Analysis based on the National CGSS survey data (《中国社会阶层结构变动趋势研究——基于全国性CGSS调查数据的分析》). Stud. Social. Chinese Charact. 3 (2011)Google Scholar
  29. Zhang Yi, Hou Huili, Quantity and stratum structure of Chinese population. Chin. Popul. Sci. 6 (2004)Google Scholar
  30. Zhang Zhanxin, Industrial division of labor market and mobilization of labor population. Chin. Popul. Sci. 2 (2004)Google Scholar
  31. X. Zhou, The States and Life Chances in Urban China: Redistribution and Stratification (Cambridge University Press, New York, 2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© China Social Sciences Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peilin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.BeijingChina

Personalised recommendations