The IP/Standards Subsystem
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In today’s age where the knowledge economy and information technology play dominant roles, intellectual property rights and technical standards have become the focus of international competition and serve as strategic resources for the economic, technical, investment and trade development of each country. Developed countries are aggressively implementing IP- and standards-relevant strategies to maintain their leading competitive position in the technology field, which poses challenges for Chinese enterprises as they go global in terms of intellectual property and technical standards. With respect to IP, great changes are occurring to international IP rules – there is an apparently accelerating trend of IP internationalization. Global challenges such as the financial crisis and climate change also are posing new challenges for the IP system, and developed countries are further enhancing IP protection in an effort to turn advantages in innovation into competitive advantages in global markets. With respect to standards, developed countries have taken a competitive approach characterized by patented technologies, the conversion of patents into standards, and monopoly over standards, while also working to gain or hold a dominant position in the development of international standards, thereby maximizing their interests through a combination of IP with standards. At a time when China is becoming increasingly integrating into the international community in the field of IP and standards, researching how to define China’s IP- and standards-relevant strategies will have important and far-reaching effects on promoting technological advancement, regulating markets, increasing the global competitiveness of relevant industries and products, and fueling outbound investment by Chinese enterprises.