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Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Diversity and Function in Grassland Ecosystems

  • Tomoko KojimaEmail author
  • Sasha Jenkins
  • Anjani Weerasekara
  • Jing-Wei Fan
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 41)

Abstract

Grasslands are widely distributed throughout the world, maintained with no or low input of fertiliser without tillage, and are used for grazing and fodder harvesting. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi colonise the majority of grassland plant species with little evidence of host specificity. AM fungi play significant roles in nutrient cycling in grasslands. However, grasslands are diverse ecosystems so it is difficult to generalise the contribution of mycorrhizas to these plant communities. Nevertheless, plant diversity has been shown to have a positive relationship with AM fungal diversity and community structure. AM fungi have potential to contribute in a significant way to the maintenance and restoration of grasslands through their roles in influencing the plant community structure, nutrient cycling and soil structure. The structure and function of AM fungal communities in grasslands can be altered by management practices, such as grazing pressure, and this will influence their contribution to soil processes.

Keywords

Internal Transcribe Spacer Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Root Colonisation Grazing Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Kojima
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sasha Jenkins
    • 2
  • Anjani Weerasekara
    • 2
  • Jing-Wei Fan
    • 3
  1. 1.National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) Institute of Livestock and Grassland ScienceNasushiobaraJapan
  2. 2.Soil Biology and Molecular Ecology GroupSchool of Earth and Environment (M087) and UWA Institute of Agriculture, The University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystemsInstitute of Arid Agroecology, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

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