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Contribution of Dynamics of Root Colonisation by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Communities to Ecosystem Function

  • Sutarman GafurEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 41)

Abstract

Root colonisation by communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is a dynamic process. It is dependent on characteristics of the forms of the fungi which occur in soil and inside roots and on the root structure and root growth rates. Mycorrhiza formation is also dependent on factors which influence inoculum potential of each AM fungus present which in turn is influenced by root colonisation levels, infectivity of hyphae, interactions with other organisms, interactions with soil particles and interactions among the AM fungi themselves. AM fungi differ in a manner in which they colonise roots, in their capacity to form propagules, in their tolerance of environmental conditions and their competitive ability. The dynamics of root colonisation by communities of AM fungi is also controlled by the host plant through the availability of carbon substrates needed for fungal growth as well as interactions with neighbouring plants. The links between the diversity and dynamics of communities of AM fungi within roots and ecosystem function are difficult to discern based on current approaches to assessing mycorrhizal function.

Keywords

Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Root Colonisation Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Mycorrhizal Colonisation Soil Disturbance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceThe University of TanjungpuraWest KalimantanIndonesia

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