Foreign Assistance: Substance and Practice

  • Hong ZhouEmail author


Foreign aid comes in many forms, including large-scale official development aid from central governments (provided to developing countries), official assistance (provided to developed countries), aid provided by lower levels of government (local government and specialized government departments), as well as unofficial aid from nongovernmental organizations.


Recipient Country Donor Country Official Development Assistance International Development Association Multilateral Agency 
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Copyright information

© Social Sciences Academic Press (China) and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BeijingChina

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