Advertisement

Connecting Social Capital by Social Media

  • Halvdan Haugsbakken
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 431)

Abstract

Established sociological research on social networks and social capital has argued that large quantities of connections can represent access to resources. This claim has been challenged, due to the advent of social network sites. Researchers have little insights on how social actors use social network sites to organise particular web mediated social practices, besides for knowing they are employed for socialisation. There is also little research on how social actors use and connect to different social media applications and apply the resource embedded in them. This paper addresses that matter. It introduces a user perspective on how a group of social actors use a variety of social media application as resources, to carry out web mediated social practices. To empirically analyse this, the paper shows how a sample of Norwegian high school students use different types of social media applications for this purpose.

Keywords

social capital social media youth resources Norway 

References

  1. 1.
    Sveinbjørnsson, S.: Så mange nordmenn er på Facebook (2013), http://www.digi.no/920967/saa-mange-nordmenn-er-paa-facebook (cited September 10, 2013)
  2. 2.
    Fossbakken, E.: Rekord for Twitter i Norge (2012), http://www.kampanje.com/medier/article6039802.ece (cited September 10, 2013)
  3. 3.
    Synlighet: Linkedin - fakta og statistikk over brukere i Norge og verden (2012), http://www.synlighet.no/linkedin/statistikk-antall-brukere/ (cited September 10, 2013)
  4. 4.
    Myrstad, M.: Har over 300.000 nordmenn prøvd Google+? (2012), http://www.mmyrstad.no/2012/01/har-over-300-000-nordmenn-provd-google/ (cited September 10, 2013)
  5. 5.
    Fossbakken, E.: En millon brukere av tablets (2012), http://www.kampanje.com/medier/article6030446.ece (cited September 10, 2013)
  6. 6.
    Brandtzæg, P.B., Heim, J., Kaare, B.H.: Bridging and bonding in social network sites Investigating family-based capital. International Journal of Web Based Communities 6(3), 231–253 (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brandtzæg, P.B.: Towards a unified Media-User Typology (MUT): A meta-analysis and review of the research literature on media-user typologies. Computers in Human Behavior 26(5), 940–956 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brandtzæg, P.B.: Social networking sites: Their users and social implications - A longitudinal study. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 17(4), 467–488 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brandtzæg, P.B., Lüders, M., Skjetne, J.H.: Too many Facebook “Friends”? Content sharing and sociability versus the need for privacy in social network sites. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 26(11-12), 1006–1030 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jenkins, H.: Confronting the challenges of a participatory culture: Media education for the 21th century (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Caers, R., De Feyter, T., De Couck, M., Stough, T., Vigna, C., Du Bois, C.: Facebook: A literature review. New Media & Society 15(6), 982–1002 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Brandtzæg, P.B.: Social implications of the Internet and social networking sites: a user typology approach, Oslo: Department of Media and Communication, Faculty of Humanities. University of Oslo (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    O’Reilly, T.: What Is Web 2.0? Design patterns and business models for the next generation (2005), http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html (cited June 15, 2014)
  14. 14.
    Boyd, D., Ellison, N.B.: Social network sites: Definition, history and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 3(1), 210–230 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Aalen, I.: En kort bok om sosiale medier, Fagbokforl, Bergen (2013)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kaplan, A.M., Haenlein, M.: Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media. Business Horizons 53(1), 59–68 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bourdieu, P.: The forms of social capital. In: Richardson, J. (ed.) Handbook of Theory And Action for the Sociology of Education, pp. 241–258. Greenwood, New York (1986)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Coleman, J.: Social capital in the creation of human capital. The American Journal of Sociology 94, 95–120 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Burt, R.S.: Structural holes: the social structure of competition. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1992)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Burt, R.S.: Brokerage and closure: an introduction to social. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2005)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lin, N.: Social resources and instrumental action. In: Marsden, P.V., Lin, N. (eds.) Social Structure and Network Analysis, pp. 131–145. Sage, Beverly Hills (1982)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lin, N.: Building a network theory of social capital. In: Lin, N., Cook, K., Burt, R. (eds.) Social Capital: Theory and Research, Aldine de Gruyter, New York (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Granovetter, M.S.: The Strength of Weak Ties. American Journal of Sociology 78(6), 1360–1380 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Putnam, R.: Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. Simond and Schuster, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ellison, N.B., Steinfield, C., Lampe, C.: Connection strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices. New Media and Society 13(6), 873–892 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ahn, J.: Teenagers and social network sites: Do off-line inequalities predict their online social networks? First Monday 17(1) (2012)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stefanone, M.A., Kwon, K., Lackaff, D.: The value of online friends: Networked resources via social network sites. First Monday 16 (2011)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Strauss, A., Corbin, J.: Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Sage Publications, Inc., Newbury Park (1990)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Strauss, A., Corbin, J.: Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Sage Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks (1998)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wu, S., Hofman, J.M., Mason, W.A., Watts, D.J.: Who says what to whom on Twitter. In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on World Wide Web, Proceeding WWW 2011, Hyderabad, pp. 705–714 (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Halvdan Haugsbakken
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Political ScienceNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

Personalised recommendations