• Jiaxing Liu
Part of the Springer Aerospace Technology book series (SAT)


This book attempts to present the tracking, telemetry, and command (TT&C) of flight vehicles such as air vehicles (less than 20 km in altitude), near-space vehicles (20–100 km in altitude), and spacecrafts (greater than 100 km in altitude). Those flying at an altitude of more than 2 × 106 km are also known as deep-space vehicles. Specifically, the flight vehicles include missiles, satellites, spaceships, space stations, deep-space probes, near-space vehicles, UAVs, airships, or balloons, all of which are subject to TT&C. For TT&C and communication (C&T) systems, there are radio, optical, infrared, and other types. Among them, the radio continuous-wave C&T system is the most widely used one, which is mainly described in this book.


Information Transmission Phase Array Orbit Determination Tracking Loop Hypersonic Vehicle 
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  1. 1.
    Liu Jiaxing (1999) Past, presence and future of aerospace TT&C technology. Telecommun Eng 39(2):1–8Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shi Shuji, Liu Jiaxing et al (1999) Vehicle TT&C system. National Defense Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liu Jiaxing (2010) Spacecraft TT&C and communication engineering. National Defense Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu Jiaxing (2005) Key technologies of the USB TT&C system for manned space flight. J Astronaut 26(6):743–747Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu Jiaxing (2006) Features and main technical issues in deep space TT&C and telecommunication systems. J Spacecraft TT&C Technol 25(1):1–8Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    DSMS telecommunications link design handbook. JPL,
  7. 7.
    Liu Jiaxing (2007) Features and main technical issues in phased array TT&C system. J Spacecraft TT&C Technol 26(1):1–6Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu Jiaxing (2008) Characteristics of TT&C system for near space spacecraft and major technical challenges. J Spacecraft TT&C Technol 27(1):1–7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© National Defense Industry Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiaxing Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.The 10th Institute of China Electronics Technology Group CorporationChengduChina

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