Advertisement

Self-Driving Cars: The Digital Transformation of Mobility

  • Alexander HarsEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Xpert.press book series (XPERT.PRESS)

Abstract

Autonomous vehicle technology is maturing rapidly. It may not be long before the first fully autonomous cars operate on public roads. We examine the impact of self-driving car technology on the provisioning of personal mobility and show that the technology has the potential to disrupt the auto industry. The ability to drive without human presence and supervision unleashes the car from the need for a human driver. This enables new mobility services where anybody can summon a car by mobile app; the car appears with little delay, drives the passenger to the destination, where it is then available for the next passengers. We examine the characteristics of such fleets, discuss estimates of optimal fleet sizes and show that the fleets have the potential to greatly reduce travel cost per km and to simultaneously reduce the ecological footprint of mobility.

References

  1. 1.
    Thrun, S., et al. (2006). Stanley: The robot that won the DARPA grand challenge. Journal of Field Robotics, 23(9), 661–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Montemerlo, M., et al. (2008). Junior: The Stanford entry in the urban challenge. Journal of field robotics, 25(9), 569–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Urmson, C. (2014). The lastest chapter for the self-driving car: Mastering city street driving. Google official blog. http://goo.gl/27HyiE. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  4. 4.
    Continental Corporation. (2012). Automated driving. Press portal, http://goo.gl/WsnJhn. Accessed 1 Sept 2014.
  5. 5.
    Daimler. (2013). S500 drives autonomously in the tracks of Bertha Benz. Product highlights. http://goo.gl/mpMoFE. Accessed 1 Sept 2014.
  6. 6.
    Nissan. (2013). Nissan announces unprecedented autonomous drive benchmarks. Nissan news, http://goo.gl/S53R9o. Accessed 1 Sept 2014.
  7. 7.
    Data for 2009 based on US Dept of Transportation. (2014). http://goo.gl/buLvYZ (2014-11-10), Federal Highway Administration (2011). http://goo.gl/CA3opB (last accessed 2014-11-10), and US Census (2014). http://goo.gl/SgmpcG (2014-11-10) (own calculations).
  8. 8.
    Federal Highway Administration. (2011). Summary of travel trends, 2009 national household travel survey, p. 37. http://goo.gl/CA3opB. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  9. 9.
    This number provided by Spieser et al. (2014). Contains motor cycles which are usually not included among passenger cars.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Burns, L. D., Jordan, C. W., & Scarborough, B. A. (2013). Transforming personal mobility. http://goo.gl/H8w9ng. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  11. 11.
    Spieser, K., Treleaven, K., Zhang, R., et al. (2014). Toward a systematic approach to the design and evaluation of automated mobility-on-demand systems. In G. Meyer & S. Beikers (Hrsg.), Road vehicle automation. http://goo.gl/bu1Q6l. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  12. 12.
    Fagnant, D. J., & Kockelmann, K. (2014). Development and application of a network-based shared automated vehicle model in Austin, Texas. http://goo.gl/Yk1EYS. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  13. 13.
    World Bank. (2014). Passenger cars (per 1000 people). http://goo.gl/EakpGU. Accessed 1 Sep 2014.
  14. 14.
    Relative component group costs (not including autonomous technology) based on McKinsey. (2012). The future of the north American automotive supplier industry, p. 21. http://goo.gl/7ZCCkd. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  15. 15.
    ADAC. (2014). Autodaten und Autokosten. http://goo.gl/oWA5GP. Accessed 10 Nov 2014.
  16. 16.
    Vorndran, I. (2012). Unfallentwicklung auf deutschen Straßen 2011. Stat. Bundesamt. http://goo.gl/fBVAld. Accessed 9 Nov 2014.
  17. 17.
    Infas & DLR. (2010). Mobilität in Deutschland 2008, p. 89 (Note that these averages are skewed because they include long-distance trips).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Baumgartner, J. P. (2001). Prices and costs in the railway sector. École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. http://goo.gl/qWzoTS. Accessed 9 Nov 2014.
  19. 19.
    Eurostat. (2014). Electricity prices for industrial consumers with all taxes and levies included, Table nrg_pc_205, Band ID, EU 28 for 2013 S1.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hensley, R., Newmann, J., Rogers, M., & Shahinian, M. (2012). Battery technology charges ahead. McKinsey report, 7/2012, p. 4. http://goo.gl/hcI00i. Accessed 9 Nov 2014.
  21. 21.
    Hsu, J. (2014). Google works with NASA to test cars without backup drivers. IEEE Spectrum, 2014-09-18. http://goo.gl/7v6ijm. Accessed 9 Nov 2014.
  22. 22.
    The Independent. (2013-11-06). Milton Keynes introducing driverless public transport pods by 2017. http://goo.gl/HD7Lhi. Accessed 9 Nov 2014.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inventivio GmbHNürnbergDeutschland

Personalised recommendations