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Antibiotics pp 387-403 | Cite as

The Streptogramin Family of Antibiotics

  • D. Vazquez

Abstract

The classification of antibiotics in the streptogramin family has been reviewed briefly by Lester Smith (1963). All the antibiotics of this family are closely related in composition, mode of action and antibacterial spectra. Streptogramin itself was first obtained from culture filtrates of a species of streptomyces, now classified as Streptomyces graminofaciens (Charney et al., 1953) and since then other closely related antibiotics have been described, for example, staphylomycin, ostreogrycin, synergistin, mikamycin, pristinamycin and vernamycin. These antibiotics are mixtures of two or more different active compounds and there are numerous reports of the isolation and properties of the individual components. All streptogramins can be placed in two major groups A and B (Table 1). The antibiotics in group A show a marked synergism with those in group B in their activity against Gram-positive bacteria and consequently all the complex antibiotics of this family have a markedly higher activity than the individual components. Viridogrisein, unlike all the other members of the family, is not a complex antibiotic but is included in group B because its chemical structure and properties are related to others in the group. Of the single components of the streptogramin family, viridogrisein is, in general, the most active.

Keywords

Macrolide Antibiotic Anaerobic Fermentation Cross Resistance Endogenous Respiration Amino Acid Incorporation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1967

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  • D. Vazquez

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