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Breathing Pattern of Patients with COPD

  • C. S. H. Sassoon
  • F. I. Hawari
Conference paper
  • 161 Downloads
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1999)

Abstract

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in acute respiratory failure demonstrate a rapid and shallow breathing pattern [1, 2]. A similar breathing pattern is observed in patients who fail weaning [2, 3] and in stable patients with hypercapnia or chronic respiratory failure when compared to healthy subjects [4]. The rapid shallow breathing pattern inevitably results in hypercapnia. Hence, the ventilatory pump fails to maintain adequate alveolar ventilation. The failure of the ventilatory pump may be the result of decreased respiratory muscle capability and/or increased mechanical load. This chapter focuses on the determinants of the rapid shallow breathing pattern and the consequent hypercapnia during acute respiratory failure, weaning failure, and chronic respiratory failure.

Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patient Acute Respiratory Failure Breathing Pattern Maximum Inspiratory Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. S. H. Sassoon
  • F. I. Hawari

There are no affiliations available

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