The Genus Thiodendron

  • Jean M. Schmidt


The first mention of the stalked (prosthecate?), sulfur bacterium Thiodendron occurred in 1961 (Perfil’ev and Gabe, 1961). Studied only by PerfiTev (1969), and observed by few others (Hirsch, 1974) since the initial description, these are rare bacteria which have a complex cycle of development with “peculiar” structure and physiology; they were described by Perfil’ev and Gabe (1961) as a new group of iron-sulfur bacteria. According to G. A. Zavarzin (personal communication), Thiodendron should be considered as a sort of hyphomicrobium, as the observations of Perfil’ev (1969) strongly suggest.


Methylene Blue Hydrogen Sulfide Colloidal Sulfur Complex Cycle Coccoid Cell 
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Literature Cited

  1. Hirsch, P. 1974. Genus Thiodendron, p. 158. In: Buchanan, R. E., Gibbons, N. E. (eds.), Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  2. Lackey, J. B., Lackey, E. W. 1961. The habitat and description of a new genus of sulphur bacterium. Journal of General Microbiobiology 26:29–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Perfil’ev, B. V. 1969. On a new iron sulfide microorganism Thiodendron latens n. g. n. sp. and on methods of its growing in elective culture. [In Russian.] Izvestiya Academii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Biologicheskaya 2:181–198.Google Scholar
  4. Perfil’ev, B. V., Gabe, D. R. 1961. Capillary methods of investigating micro-organisms. [In Russian.] Moscow: Izdaltel’stvo Akademii Nauk. She wan, J. M., translator. 1969. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean M. Schmidt

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