The Genera Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium

  • James T. Staley


Multiple-appendaged bacteria were first reported in nature when samples from soils (Nikitin, Vasiljeva, and Lokmacheva, 1966) and aquatic habitats (Nikitin and Kuznetsov, 1967; Staley, 1968) were examined with the electron microscope. Isolates of Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium have been obtained primarily from freshwater environments (Staley, 1968; Staley and Mandel, 1973; Stanley and Staley, 1977), although some strains of Prosthecomicrobium have been isolated from soil (Vasiljeva et al., 1974) as well as from marine and other saline environments (J. Bauld and J. T. Staley, in preparation).


Green Sulfur Bacterium Nitrilotriacetic Acid Systematic Bacteriology Calcium Pantothenate Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Easterbrook, K. B., Coombs, R. W. 1976. Spinin—the subunit protein of bacterial Spinae. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 22:438–440.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Easterbrook, K. B., Willison, J. H. M., Coombs, R. W. 1976. Arrangement of morphological subunits in bacterial Spinae. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 22:619–629.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gorlenko, V. M. 1970. A new phototrophic green sulphur bacterium Prosthecochloris aestuarii nov. gen., nov. spec. Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Mikrobiologie 10:147–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gorlenko, V. M., Lebedeva, E. V. 1971. New green sulfur bacteria with appendages. Microbiology [English translation of Mikrobiologiya] 40:1035–1039.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Houwink, A. L. 1951. Caulobacter versus Bacillus spec. div. Nature 168:654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. McGregor-Shaw, J. B., Easterbrook, K. B., McBride, R. P. 1973. A bacterium with echinuliform (nonprosthecate) appendages. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:267–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Moll, G., Ahrens, T. 1970. A neuer Fimbrien-type. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 70:361–368.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Moore, R. L., Staley, J. T. 1976. Deoxyribonucleic acid homology of Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium strains. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 26:283–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nikitin, D. I., Vasiljeva, L. V., Lokmacheva, R. A. 1966. New and rare forms of soil microorganisms. Moscow: Science Publishing House.Google Scholar
  10. Nikitin, D. I., Kuznetsov, S. L. 1967. Electron-microscope study of the microflora of water. Microbiology [English translation of Mikrobiologiya] 36:789–794.Google Scholar
  11. Poindexter, J. S. 1964. Biological properties and classification of the Caulobacter group. Bacteriological Reviews 28:231–295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Staley, J. T. 1968. Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium: New prosthecate freshwater bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 95:1921–1942.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Staley, J. T. 1971. Incidence of prosthecate bacteria in a polluted stream. Applied Microbiology 22:496–502.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Staley, J. T., Mandel, M. 1973. Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium strains. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:271–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Stanley, P. M., Staley, J. T. 1977. Acetate uptake by bacterial communities measured by autoradiography and filterable radioactivity. Limnology and Oceanography 22:26–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vasiljeva, L. V., Lafitskaya, T. N., Aleksandrushkina, N. I., Krasilnikova, E. N. 1974. Physiological-biochemical peculiarities of prosthecobacteria Stella humosa and Prosthecomicrobium sp. [In Russian.] Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Biologicheskaya 5:699–704.Google Scholar
  17. Walsby, A. E. 1974. The identification of gas vacuoles and their abundance in the hypolimnetic bacteria of Arco Lake, Minnesota. Microbial Ecology 1:51–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • James T. Staley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations