Introduction to the Budding and/or Appendaged Bacteria

  • James T. Staley
  • Peter Hirsch
  • Jean M. Schmidt


The budding and/or appendaged bacteria are a heterogeneous collection of unicellular microbes. Organisms in this group may differ from typica eubacteria in their mode of reproduction (budding) unusual shapes, and complex life cycles. However, like eubacteria, motile forms have flagella, and with the exception of Metallogenium and certain Planctomyces isolates, all have rigid cell walls. Thesse bacteria are primarily free-living organisms widely distributed in terrestrial and aquatic ecosytems. Our knowledge of the group is increasing rapidly as new members are discovered, isolated, and characterized. Approximately half the organisms in this group have either been discovered or isolated for the first time during the past decade.


Daughter Cell Mother Cell Binary Fission Rhodopseudomonas Palustris Purple Nonsulfur Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Aristovskaya, T. V. 1964. The taxonomic position of the genus Seliberia Artist, et Parink. Microbiology [English translation of Mikrobiologiya] 33:929–934.Google Scholar
  2. Babenzien, H.-D. 1967. Zur Biologie von Nevskia ramosa. Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Mikrobiologie 7:89–96.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Babenzien, H.-D. 1974. Fine structure and systematic position of the caulobacterium Nevskia ramosa, p. 15. XIth Conference on the Taxonomy of Bacteria, Brno. Abstracts.Google Scholar
  4. Conti, S. F., Hirsch, P. 1965. Biology of budding bacteria. HI. Fine structure of Rhodomicrobium and Hyphomicrobium spp. Journal of Bacteriology 89:503–512.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dubinina, G. A. 1978. Biologiya zhelezobacteriy i ikch geokchemicheskaya deyatelnost. [Biology of the iron bacteria and its geochemical activity.] PhD. Thesis. International Microbiology Academy of Sciences, USSR, Moscow.Google Scholar
  6. Duchow, E., Douglas, H. C. 1949. Rhodomicrobium vannielli, a new photoheterotrophic bacterium. Journal of Bacteriology 58:409–416.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gorlenko, V. M. 1968. A new species of green sulfur bacteria. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Biological Sciences [English translation] 179:195–198.Google Scholar
  8. Gorlenko, V. M., Lebedeva, E. F. 1971. New green sulfur bacteria with appendages. Microbiology [English translation of Mikrobiologiya] 40:900–903.Google Scholar
  9. Henrici, A. T., Johnson, D. E. 1935. Studies of freshwater bacteria II, stalked bacteria, a new order of Schizomycetes. Journal of Bacteriology 30:61–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hirsch, P. 1974. Budding bacteria. Annual Review of Microbiology 28:391–444.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Houwink, A. L. 1951. Caulobacter versus Bacillus spec. div. Nature 168:654.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Metchnikoff, M. E. 1888. Pasteuria ramosa, un représentant des bactéries à division longitudinale. Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 2:165–170.Google Scholar
  13. Nikitin, D. I., Vasileva, L. V., Lokmacheva, R. A. 1966. New and rare forms of soil microorganisms. [In Russian.] Moscow: Science Publishing House.Google Scholar
  14. Nikitin, D. I., Kuznetsov, S. I. 1967. Electron-microscope study of the microflora of water. Microbiology [English translation of Mikrobiologiya] 36:789–794.Google Scholar
  15. Pate, J. L., Ordal, E. J. 1965. The fine structure of two unusual stalked bacteria. Journal of Cell Biology 27:130–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Perfilev, B. V., Gabe, D. R. 1964. Rol mikroorganizmov v obrazovanii zhelezokargantsevikh ozernikh rud. [Methods for the study of bacteria accumulating manganese and iron in bottom deposits.] In: Gurevich, M. S. (ed.), The role of microorganisms in the formation of iron-manganese lake ores. Moscow and Leningrad: Nauka.Google Scholar
  17. Pfennig, N. 1969. Rhodopseudomonas acidophila, sp. n., a new species of the budding purple nonsulfur bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 99:597–602.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Poindexter, J. S. 1964. Biological properties and classification of the Caulobacter group. Bacteriological Reviews 28:231–295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Sayre, R. M., Wergin, W. P. 1977. Bacterial parasite of a plant nematode: Morphology and ultrastructure. Journal of Bacteriology 129:1091–1101.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Sayre, R. M., Adams, J. R., Wergin, W. P. 1979. Bacterial parasite of a cladoceran: Morphology, development in vivo, and taxonomic relationships with Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29:252–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sayre, R. M., Wergin, W. P., Davis, R. E. 1977. Occurrence in Monia sic rectirostris (Cladocera: Daphnidae) of a parasite morphologically similar to Pasteuria ramosa (Metchnikoff, 1888). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 23:1573–1579.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Staley, J. T. 1968. Prosthecomicrobium and Ancalomicrobium: New prosthecate freshwater bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 95:1921–1942.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Staley, J. T. 1973a. Budding and prosthecate bacteria. In: Laskin, A. L, Lechevalier, H. A. (eds.), Organismic microbiology. Handbook of microbiology, vol. 1, 1st ed. Cleveland, Ohio: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  24. Staley, J. T. 1973b. Budding bacteria of the Pasteuria-Blastobacter group. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 19: 609–614.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Whittenbury, R., Dow, C. S. 1977. Morphogenesis and differentiation in Rhodomicrobium vannielii and other budding and prosthecate bacteria. Bacteriological Reviews 41:754–808.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Whittenbury, R., McLee, A. G. 1967. Rhodopseudomonas palustris and Rh. viridis—photosynthetic budding bacteria. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 59:324–334.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zavarzin, G. A. 1961. Budding bacteria. Microbiology [English translation of Mikrobiologiya] 30:774–791.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • James T. Staley
  • Peter Hirsch
  • Jean M. Schmidt

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations