Gas-Vacuolate Bacteria (Apart from Cyanobacteria)

  • Anthony E. Walsby


Gas vacuoles are found almost exclusively in aquatic bacteria, where they provide buoyancy. By regulating their buoyancy through control of gas vacuoles, these bacteria may be able to select particular depths where the conditions are favorable for growth. In this way the gas vacuole may provide an alternative to the flagellum for movement in the vertical plane. With few exceptions (Lamprocystis, Halobacterium), gas vacuoles are restricted to nonflagellated species (Cohen-Bazire, Kunisawa, and Pfennig, 1969; Walsby, 1978).


Phototrophic Bacterium Green Bacterium Obligate Aerobe Phototrophic Sulfur Bacterium Michigan Lake 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

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  • Anthony E. Walsby

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