Advertisement

Wheat pp 448-459 | Cite as

Wheat Haploids Through the Bulbosum Technique

  • M. N. Inagaki
Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 13)

Abstract

Haploid production in sufficient numbers is of great value to plant breeders, since production of haploid plants followed by colchicine treatment for chromosome doubling makes it possible to obtain “instant” homozygous lines. Thus the successful production of doubled haploids offers the most rapid technique for developing homozygous breeding lines with favorable uniformity in selection procedures, and complements conventional breeding programs. In addition, the culture of haploid cells and tissues also provides significant material for the studies of mutation and selection (Bajaj 1983). Somatic variation will be easily induced by mutagenic chemicals and irradiations because haploid cells carry only one set of alleles on each locus. Selection for the exhibited variants can be conducted using a great number of cells in a culture medium.

Keywords

Pollen Tube Anther Culture Immature Embryo Wheat Genotype Haploid Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bajaj YPS (1983) Haploid protoplasts. In: Giles KL (ed) Plant protoplasts. Academic Press, New York London, pp 113–141Google Scholar
  2. Barclay IR (1975) High frequencies of haploid production in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by chromosome elimination. Nature (London) 256: 410–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bennett MD, Finch RA, Barclay IR (1976) The time rate and mechanism of chromosome elimination in Hordeum hybrids. Chromosoma 54: 175–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Choo TM, Reinbergs E, Kasha KJ (1985) Use of haploids in breeding barley. In: Plant breeding reviews, vol 3. AVI, Westport, pp 219–252Google Scholar
  5. Craig IL (1974) Haploid plants (2n = 21) from in vitro anther culture of Triticum aestivum. Can J Genet Cytol 16: 697–700Google Scholar
  6. Falk DE, Kasha KJ (1981) Comparison of the crossability of rye (Secale cereale) and Hordeum bulbosum onto wheat (Triticum aestivum). Can J Genet Cytol 23: 81–88Google Scholar
  7. Falk DE, Kasha KJ (1982) A study of hormones on cross-incompatibility of wheat with rye and Hordeum bulbosum. Cereal Res Commun 10: 233–234Google Scholar
  8. Falk DE, Kasha KJ (1983) Genetic studies of the crossability of hexaploid wheat with rye and Hordeum bulbosum. Theor Appl Genet 64: 303–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gamborg OL, Miller RA, Ojima K (1968) Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res 50: 151–158CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Ho KM, Kasha KJ (1975) Genetic control of chromosome elimination during haploid formation in barley. Genetics 81: 263–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Huang B, Dunwell JM, Powell W, Hayter AM, Wood W (1984) The relative efficiency of microspore culture and chromosome elimination as methods of haploid production in Hordeum vulgare L. Z Pflanzenzücht92: 22–29Google Scholar
  12. Inagaki MN (1985a) Embryo culture of wheat cultivar Norin 61 crossed with Hordeum bulbosum L. Jpn J Breed 35: 59–64Google Scholar
  13. Inagaki MN (1985b) Chromosome doubling of the wheat haploids obtained from crosses with Hordeum bulbosum L. Jpn J Breed 35: 193–195Google Scholar
  14. Inagaki MN (1986a) Callus induction and plant regeneration from immature haploid embryos of wheat. Jpn J Breed 36: 49–53Google Scholar
  15. Inagaki MN (1986b) Crossabilities of Japanese wheat cultivars with Hordeum bulbosum L. Jpn J Breed 36: 363–370Google Scholar
  16. Inagaki MN (1987) Variation in plant height of doubled haploid lines of wheat derived from intergeneric crosses with Hordeum bulbosum L. Jpn J Breed 37: 275–282Google Scholar
  17. Inagaki MN, Henry Y, de Buyser J (1987) Comparison of haploid production efficiency through anther culture and intergeneric crossing in three wheat varieties and their F, hybrids. Jpn J Breed 37: 474–478Google Scholar
  18. Inagaki MN, Snape JW (1982) Frequencies of haploid production in Japanese wheat varieties crossed with tetraploid Hordeum bulbosum L. Jpn J Breed 32: 341–347Google Scholar
  19. Inagaki MN, Tahir M (1990) Comparison of haploid production frequencies in wheat varieties crossed with Hordeum bulbosum L. and maize. Jpn J Breed 40: 209–216Google Scholar
  20. Islam AKMR, Shepherd KW (1982) Wheat-barley addition lines: their use in genetic and evolutionary studies of barley. Barley Genet 4: 729–739Google Scholar
  21. Jensen CJ (1976) Barley monoploids and doubled monoploids: Techniques and experience. Barley Genet 3: 316–345Google Scholar
  22. Jensen CJ (1977) Monoploid production by chromosome elimination. In: Reinert J, Bajaj YPS (eds) Applied and fundamental aspects of plant cell, tissue, and cell culture. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 299–340Google Scholar
  23. Jensen CJ (1982) Regeneration of monoploid barley plants from cells, tissues and organs of various origins. Barley Genet 4: 677–685Google Scholar
  24. Kasha KJ, Kao KN (1970) High frequency haploid production in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Nature (London) 225: 874–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kasha KJ, Reinbergs E (1982) Recent development in the production and utilization of haploids in barley. Barley Genet 4: 655–665Google Scholar
  26. Kott LS, Kasha KJ (1984) Initiation and morphological development of somatic embryoids from barley cell cultures. Can J Bot 62: 1245–1249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kott LS, Kasha KJ (1985) Embryo culture and haploid plant production. In: Bright SWJ, Jones MGK (eds) Cereal tissue and cell culture. Nijhoff/Junk, Dordrecht, pp 45–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Laurie DA, Bennett MD (1988) The production of haploid wheat plants from wheat x maize crosses. Theor Appl Genet 76: 393–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Li DW, He ZY, Hu QD (1982) The crossability of Triticum aestivum with tetraploid Hordeum bulbosum. Annu Rep Inst Genet 1981 Acad Sin, pp 136–138Google Scholar
  30. Nakamura C, Keller WA (1982) Callus proliferatio.i and plant regeneration from immature embryos of hexaploid triticale. Z Pflanzenzucht 88: 137–160Google Scholar
  31. Ouyang TW, Hu H, Chuang CC, Tseng CC (1973) Induction of pollen plants from anthers of Triticum aestivum L. cultured in vitro. Sci Sin 16: 79–95Google Scholar
  32. Ouyang JW, Zhou SM, Jia SE (1983) The response of anther culture to culture temperature in Triticum aestivum. Theor Appl Genet 66: 101–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Picard E, de Buyser J (1973) Obtention de plantules haploïdes de Triticum aestivum L. à partir de cultures d’anthères in vitro. CR Acad Sci Paris Ser D 277: 1463–1466Google Scholar
  34. Pickering RA (1983) The location of a gene for incompatibility between Hordeum vulgare L. and H. bulbosum L. Heredity 51: 455–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Riley R, Chapman V (1967) The inheritance in wheat of crossability with rye. Genet Res 9:259–267 Shimada T, Yamada Y (1979) Wheat plants regenerated from embryo cell cultures. Jpn J Genet 54: 379–385Google Scholar
  36. Sitch LA, Snape JW, Firman SJ (1985) Intrachromosomal mapping of crossability genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Theor Appl Genet 70: 309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Snape JW, Chapman V, Moss J, Blanchard CE, Miller TE (1979) The crossabilities of wheat varieties with Hordeum bulbosum. Heredity 42: 291–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Snape JW, Bennett MD, Simpson E (1980) Post-pollination events in crosses of hexaploid wheat with tetraploid Hordeum bulbosum. Z Pflanzenzücht 85: 200–204Google Scholar
  39. Tozu T (1966) Crossability between wheat and rye. Seiken Zihô 18: 33–38Google Scholar
  40. Wei XL, Cao HL, Hu QD (1985) Studies on the process of fertilization and development of embryos and endosperme of Triticum aestivum after crossing with tetraploid Hordeum bulbosum. Acta Genet Sin 12: 275–280Google Scholar
  41. Zenkteler M, Straub J (1979) Cytoembryological studies on the process of fertilization and the development of haploid embryos of Triticum aestivum L. (2n = 42) after crossing with Hordeum bulbosum (2n = 14). Z Pflanzenzucht 82: 36–44Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. Inagaki
    • 1
  1. 1.National Agriculture Research CenterTsukuba, Ibaraki, 305Japan

Personalised recommendations