Wheat pp 363-381 | Cite as

In Vitro Production of Haploids in Triticum spelta

  • J. Schmid
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 13)


Spelt (Triticum aestivum ssp. spelta), a close relative of wheat, was the main cereal in central Europe until the beginning of this century. Its supposed origin is the Middle East or Europe. Although today wheat has mostly replaced spelt, a small growing area has remained in Central Europe, for example in Belgium, Switzerland and Germany. During the last few years, interest in breeding and production of spelt has slightly increased in these countries, because of its vigor under extreme growth conditions (high rainfall, heavy soils, and cool temperatures) and its high quality for human consumption (breadmaking, green kernels = immature dried grains), as well as for animal feeding.


Powdery Mildew Doubled Haploid Anther Culture Donor Plant Haploid Plant 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Schmid
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut fur PflanzenwissenschaftenETH, Versuchsstation EschikonLindauSwitzerland

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