Wheat pp 3-23 | Cite as

Biotechnology in Wheat Breeding

  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 13)


Wheat is the second most important cereal crop in the world. From the earlier radiocarbon dated remains, its existence as a tetraploid wild emmer variety was established around 6700 bc (FAO 1970). Wheat growing converted men from hunters and food gatherers into farmers. Its cultivation is as old as the ancient civilization of Babylonia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. It belongs to the genus Triticum (Gramineae), comprises about 500 species, of which some important ones are given in Table 1. Wheat is grown over a wide range of climates in Asia, Europe, Africa, USA, Australia, USSR and China (FAO 1986; Table 2).


Durum Wheat Anther Culture Wheat Breeding Haploid Plant Hybrid Embryo 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Former Professor of Tissue CulturePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.A-137 New Friends ColonyNew DelhiIndia

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